Ancient Coinage of Sidon, Phoenicia


BMC 34

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CIVIC AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 2Sidon, Phoenicia. Circa 435-420 BC. AR Half Shekel. Galley sailing left; two waves below / King of Persia standing right, drawing bow; incuse head of Bes to left, incuse head of goat to right; all within incuse square. Betlyon 4, SNG Copenhagen 188-189. TextImage
BMC 8Sidon, Phoenicia, AR Double Shekel. Uncertain King, 460-450 BC. Phoenician war-galley left at the base of a city wall surmounted by five battlemented towers; two lions salient addorsed below / Persian King, wearing tiara and candys, raising right hand, standing left in horse-drawn chariot driven by charioteer. BMC 4-8; Rouvier 1082-1084; cf Sear 5934.TextImage
BMC 9Sidon, Phoenicia, Uncertain king AR Half Shekel. 405-395 BC. Galley left before four city towers, two lions addorsed below; Phoenician letter Beth above / King of Persia standing right, slaying lion standing on its hind legs before him. Rouvier 1092; Betlyon 14. TextImage
BMC 14Phoenicia AR 1/16th Shekel. Abdeshmun, ca 410-400 BCs. War-galley to left before battlemented city wall with three towers, two lions back to back in exergue / King of Persia standing right, drawing bow; incuse head of Bes to left, incuse head of goat to right. Betlyon 9. TextImage
BMC 17Sidon, Phoenicia. AR Tetrashekel. Baalshallim II or Bodashtart. Circa 386-372 BC. War galley to left over waves, Phoenician "B" above / King of Persia left in a quadriga of pacing horses, Egyptian figure wearing an Egyptian crown and holding a sceptre with an animal's head, walking left behind the chariot. BMC 17-24; Sear 5934; Betlyon 16.TextImage
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BMC 17ffSidon, Phoenicia. AR Tetrashekel. Baalshallim II or Bodashtart. Circa 386-372 BC. War galley to left over waves, Phoenician "B" above / King of Persia left in a quadriga of pacing horses, Egyptian figure wearing an Egyptian crown and holding a sceptre with an animal's head, walking left behind the chariot. BMC 17-24; Sear 5934; Betlyon 16.TextImage
BMC 25Sidon, Phoenicia, Baalshallim II. Circa 407/2-372/68 BC. AR Double Shekel. Dated RY 3[2-4] (circa 373-368 BC). War galley travelling left over waves; bet above / King of Persia and driver in chariot left; Baalshallim following behind, date above. Betlyon 18 corr. TextImage
BMC 26cfSidon, Phoenicia. Time of King Bodashtart. Circa 4th Century BC. AR Half Shekel . War galley left, waves below / Bearded deity in horse-drawn cart left. TextImage
BMC 26ffSidon, Phoenicia. Time of King Bodashtart. Circa 4th Century BC. AR Half Shekel . War galley left, waves below / Bearded deity in horse-drawn cart left. TextImage
BMC 29Sidon, Phoenicia, AR tetrashekel, King Strato I (Abdashtart), 370-358 BC. 25.59 g. War-galley with oars and shields over four lines of waves. III above. / King standing left in a quadriga of pacing horses, an Egyptian figure wearing an Egyptian crown walking left behind the cart, holding a sceptre with an animal's head and a one-handled vase with flowers. "90" above. BMC 29; Sear 5937.TextImage
BMC 34Sidon, Phoenicia. 372-358 BC. AR Sixteenth Shekel, 0.73 g. War-galley left with oars and shields over waves. III above. / King standing right, about to slay a lion which is standing left on its back legs. "90" ("AB") upwards between them. BMC 34. TextImage
BMC 35Sidon, Phoenicia, AR sixteenth shekel, Abdashtart I. 365-352 BC. 0.75 g. War-galley left with oars and shields over waves. III` above. / King standing right, about to slay a lion which is standing left on its back legs. "90" ("AB") upwards between them. BMC 35; Sear 5940; Elayi, Sidon, 1420.TextImage
BMC 36Sidon, Sidon, Phoenicia. AR 1/16 Shekel, Abdashtart I. Ca 372-361 BC. 10mm, 0.68 g. Phoenician 'B' above galley left, two waves below / King standing right, slaying lion, which he holds by the mane; O in lower centre. Betlyon 27; BMC 36.TextImage
BMC 46Sidon, Phoenicia AE15. War galley left / King of Persia in cart left. TextImage
BMC 56Sidon, AE15. War galley travelling left over two lines of waves, III III III (=regnal year 9) above / Bearded deity in kneeling-running attitude right, holding spear and bow. BMC (Phoenicia) 56; Sear Greece 5956TextImage
BMC 60Sidon, Phoenicia. 'Abd'ashtart I. 372-358 BC. AE 13mm. Year 11 (361/360 BC). Galley to left; date above / Head of 'Abd'ashtart right. Betlyon 30. TextImage
BMC 67Sidon, Phoenicia, 'Abd'ashtart II AR Eighth Shekel. War galley left / Persian king standing right, battling lion standing left on hind legs, OO between them, all in shallow incuse square. Betlyon 34; BMC 67. TextImage
BMC 82Sidon, Mazaios. AR Tetrashekel. War galley left / King in biga left. TextImage
BMC 84Sidon, Phoenicia, AR Sixteenth Shekel. 355-340 BC. Sidonian war galley left with oars, legend above / Persian King standing right, slaying lion standing on hind legs before him; O between them. Sear Greek 5948; BMC 84; McClean 9492.TextImage
BMC 91Sidon, Phoenicia, AE13, ca 290-250 BC. 1.13 g. Turreted head of Tyche right, Z behind neck. / Phoenician legend around rudder. BMC 91; SNG Cop 210; type Sear 5958.TextImage
BMC 117Sidon. 43/44 AD. AR Half Shekel. Turreted bust of Tyche right / Eagle standing left, palm over far shoulder; date and letters in fields. Prieur 1352; RPC I 4561. TextImage
BMC 130ffSidon, Phoenicia. AE21. Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right / Astarte standing left on galley, tiller in right hand, sceptre in left, date in left field. TextImage
BMC 132Sidon, Phoenicia, 83-82 BC. 3.447g, 19.8mm. Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right / Astarte standing left on galley, tiller in right hand, sceptre in left, date L QK in left field, ΣIΔΩNIΩN and Phoenician script (l ts d n m) below. BMC 132.TextImage
BMC 137Sidon, Phoenicia AE 21mm. Year 34 (78-77 BC). Jugate busts of Tyche, veiled and turreted, and Demos right (Waser states that the male head cannot be that of Zeus, as the head, in the background, takes a minor position and there is no trace of laurels or taenia)./ ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ, Phoenician galley sailing left; date L ΔΛ above, Phoenician inscription "of the Sidonians" below. SNG Cop 221, Lindgren 2324. TextImage
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BMC 143Sidon, Phoenicia, AE24, dated year 40, 71-70 BC. 6.94 g. Laureate head of Zeus right. / ΣIΔONΩN, Europa seated facing on bull charging left, date L-M across upper fields. BMC 143; Sear 5966 corr.; SNG Cop 225.TextImage
BMC 155Sidon, Phoenicia AE19. 64 BC to 117 AD. Head of young Dionysus left, wreathed with ivy / cista mystica, ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ below, year above (Sidon's local era beginning 112-111 BC) all within ivy wreath. TextImage
BMC 156Sidon, Phoenicia, AE20, dated year 225, AD 116-117. 6.97 g. Head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy. / Small cista mystica above ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ, date LΣKZ (Z is retrograde) above. BMC 156; type Sear 5967.TextImage
BMC 167Sidon, Phoenicia. Civic Issue. AE 21mm. Struck Year 117 (8/9AD). Tetrastyle temple on high podium; single columns flanking / Veiled Europa riding bull left. TextImage
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BMC 171Sidon, Phoenicia, dated AD 44-45. AE15, 3.80 gr. Turreted bust of Tyche right, A, digamma and aphlaston before head / ENP (date) ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ above war galley left, Phoenician legend below. BMC 171.TextImage
BMC 171cfSidon, Phoenicia AE15. ca 1st Century BC - 1st Century AD. Turreted bust of Tyche right / Galley left. TextImage
BMC 179Sidon, Phoenicia AE15. Turreted bust of Tyche right, star in crescent before / Galley left. TextImage
BMC 193Sidon, Phoenicia, AE23, 80-87 AD. Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right / ΣIΔΩN ΘEAΣ IEΡAΣ KAI AΣOYΛOY KAI NAYAΡCIΔOΣ in six lines above and below galley left, stem terminating forward in volute, aphlaston at stern. BMC Phoenicia, 193.TextImage
BMC 197Phoenica, Sidon AE22. 116-117 AD. Head of Tyche right / ΣIΔΩNOΣ, Cart of Astarte. TextImage
Betlyon_-Sidon, Phoenicia. Baalshallim II. Circa 386-372 BC. AR Double Shekel (28.21 gm). Regnal year 15. War-galley to left over waves, Phoenician "B" above / King of Persia in chariot with driver, Egyptian attendant behind; date above. BMC -, Betlyon -. TextImage
Betlyon 5cfSidon, Phoenicia. Ba'lsallim I or II, ca 420-410 BC or later. AR 1/64 Shekel (0.29 gm). Galley left over waves; Phoenician letter B above / Persian king, in crown, holding bow in outstretched left hand and spear or arrow (?) in right, resting on shoulder. BMC -. TextImage
Betlyon 9Sidon, Phoenicia AR 1/16 shekel. ca 410-400 BC. Galley left before city wall / Persian king standing right, drawing bow, head of goat to right. TextImage
Betlyon 16Sidon, Phoenicia, Ba'lshallim II AR Dishekel. Galley left; Phoenician 'B' above / Chariot with driver and Persian king left, Egyptian attendant behind. TextImage
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Betlyon 24Sidon, Phoenicia, 'Abd'ashtart I AR Sixteenth Shekel. ca 384-370 BC. War galley moving left over waves, dated II above / Phoenician letters (ayin bet) between legs of king ritually killing a lion, shallow incuse square. BMC 34v, SNG Cop 196. TextImage
Betlyon 25Sidon, Phoenicia, AR Eighth shekel. Abd Astart I, c410-400 BC, War-galley to left / King of Persia slaying lion standing before him, O between them; all in incuse square. TextImage
Betlyon 38Sidon, Phoenicia AR Sixteenth shekel. ca 342-332 BC. Galley left / Persian king standing right, about to slay erect lion whose mane he seizes; Phoenician letters between. TextImage
Rouvier 1293Phoenicia Sidon, 121-114 BC, AE 25 dichalkis. Turreted head of Tyche right (usually with EIP or EYI behind head) / Year above, ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ above, IEΡAΣ KAI AZYΛOY KAI NAY AΡCIΔOΣ beneath galley with rounded volute and aplustre on the poop deck. Rouvier 1293; Mionnet V, 277. TextImage
Rouvier 1331Sidon, Phoenicia, AE21, dated year 5. 107-106 BC. 9.69 g. Turreted head of Tyche right, B monogram behind neck. / ΣIΔONIΩN, galley left, date LE above, Phoenician script below. Rouvier 1331; Hoover HGC 291; BMC -. Type Sear 5962.TextImage
Rouvier 1345Sidon, Phoenicia, AE14, Veiled and turreted bust of Tyche right, countermarked "X" for Legio X / Prow left, Phoenician script above and date below. TextImage
Rouvier 1392Time of Trajan, AE24, Sidon, Civic Issue. Turreted, draped bust of Tyche right / ΣIΔONΩN ΘEAΣ to left and right, Cart of Astarte on wheels, containing sacred baetyl, conceivably a meteorite, date below. TextImage
Rouvier 1414AE17 of Sidon, Phoenicia. 80-45 BC. 8.3gm. Jugate busts of Tyche, diademed and turreted and Zeus right / ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ, Galley rowing left, apluste on the deck, date LQM below (year 49). Rouvier 1414.TextImage
Rouvier 1436Sidon, Phoenicia. 44-117 AD. 6.96g; 20mm. Head of young Dionysus right, wreathed with ivy / Cista mystica, ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ below, year LE KΣ above (year 225 of the local era), all within ivy wreath. Rouvier 1436.TextImage
SNG Cop 199Sidon, Phoenicia: AR 1/8 shekel. ca. 355-340 BC. Bearded deity about to slay lion / War galley left. TextImage
SNG Cop 247Sidon, Phoenicia. Year 227 (116-117 AD). AE 24mm. Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right; aphlaston behind, star before / ΣIΔΩNOΣ IEΡAΣ, car of Astarte, containing baetyl; date ZKS below. TextImage
Triton II 498Sidon, AR double shekel, Baalshallim II TextImage
eighthSidon, Phoencia, AR Eighth shekel, (0.58g) Abdeshmun, c. 410-400 BC, War-galley to left. / King of Persia slaying lion standing before him, O between them; all in incuse square. TextImage
AUGUSTUS
RPC 4106Augustus AE 23mm of an uncertain Syrian mint. AVGVST TR POT, laureate head right / LT CA, two lines within laurel wreath.TextImage
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RPC 4604Augustus, AE of Sidon, Phoenicia. 9.91 g. Laureate head left, crescent to left, all within wreath / SIDWN[OC IERAS] L [BR] beneath Europa with billowing veil, riding bull right. RPC 4604. BMC 205.TextImage
RPC 4608Sidon, Phoenicia. Augustus. AE 21mm. Year 117 (6/7 AD). Laureate head right / Car on two wheels, date in center field.TextImage
RPC 4609Sidon, Phoenicia. Augustus AE 8 Chalkoi of Sidon, Phoenicia. Bare head right; HX (denomination) behind / Veiled Europa riding left on bull.TextImage
CALIGULA
RPC 4612Caligula AE21 of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate head right, star before / SIDWNOS, Europa riding bull left, holding his horn. BMC 208.TextObvRev
CLAUDIUS
BMC 210Claudius AE24/25 of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate head of Claudius left / Europa seated on bull right holding a horn and her inflated veil.TextImage
NERO
RPC 4618Nero AE 23mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate head left; lituus before / Veiled Europa riding right on bull.TextImage
VESPASIAN
RPC_2055Vespasian AE16 of Sidon, Phoenicia. AD 69-79. Dated CY 188 (AD 77/8). Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; before, star within crescent / SIDWNWN QEAS Q, Galley left, HPR (date) above. RPC II 2055.TextImage
HADRIAN
SNG Copenhagen 253Hadrian AE 24mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. Struck 117/118 AD. AUTO TRAI KAI ADRIANW CE, laureate head right / SIDWN-OS QEAS, HKS in ex, cart of Astarte on two wheels, containing baetyl. BMC 226.TextImage
SNG Copenhagen 254Hadrian AE 23mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. Struck year 226 (117/118 AD)AUTO TRAI KAI ADRIAN.., laureate head right / Date ZKS above right, ΣIΔΩNOΣ ΘEAΣ beneath Europa, veiled, seated facing on bull, looking right, holding his horn with left hand, and her inflated veil with her right hand. BMC 225; SNG Copenhagen 254.TextImage
CARACALLA
AE23Caracalla AE23 of Sidon, Phoenicia. Yr 312 = 202 AD. Laureate bust right / Tyche? standing right. Not sure about this one!TextImage
Bellinger 288Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Sidon, Phoenicia. AYT KAI ANTWNINOC CE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / DHMARC EX UPATOCD, eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak; between legs, Europa on bull right. Prieur 1357.TextImage
Bellinger 291Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Sidon, Phoenicia. AYT KAI M ANTWNINOC CE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / DHMARC EX UPATOCD, eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak, Cart of Astarte between legs.TextObvRev
Bellinger 293Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Sidon, Phoenicia. AYT KAI ANTWNINOC CE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / DHMARC EX UPATOCD, eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak; between legs, Astarte in carriage. Prieur 1362.TextImage
ELAGABALUS
Berlin 28469Elagabalus, AE33 of Sidon, Phoenicia. 21.32 g. M AVR ANTONI, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AVR PIA SIDON METROP around, COLONI below, priest ploughing right with two oxen, in the background a vexillum inscribed LEG III PAR. Berlin 28469 otherwise unpublished; Rouvier 1508 var (legends).TextImage
BMC 233Elagabalus AE25 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IM C M A ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right A-P / SID CO / METRO, Europa on bull galloping right, veil billowing above.TextImage
BMC 236Elagabalus AE 24mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Kadmos running left on prow. SNGCop 260.TextImage
BMC 237vElagabalus AE24 of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / SID COL METRO above, AVR PIA in field, Kadmos advancing left, head right, on prow.TextImage
BMC 243vElagabalus AE28 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP C M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA METR SIDON, tetrastyle Temple of Astarte, who is standing facing, holding sceptre and being crowned by Nike on column to right, Marsyas at foot left.TextImage
BMC 247Elagabalus, AE29 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IM C M AV ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / COL AVG PIA MHTRO SID, Car of Astarte on two wheels, with four columns supporting the roof above which emerge two palm branches; a round baetyl on a draped base within the cart with two small figures to left and right. BMC 247.TextImage
BMC 255vSidon, Phoenicia. Elagabalus AE 26. IM C M AV ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA METRO, SID below, Car of Astarte on two wheels, four columns supporting roof, above which emerge four palm-branches, a round baetyl on draped base within, inverted crescent above.TextImage
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BMC 263Sidon, Phoenicia. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD. AE 29mm. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA METR SIDON, Dido, princess of Tyre, seated left in attitude of Pudicitia, hand raising veil from face.TextImage
BMC 274cfElagabalus AE 30mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP CAESAR M AV ANTONINV, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AVR PIA SIDON COL MET, AETER BFI in exergue, two-handled modius containing four grain ears.TextImage
BMC 309cfSidon, Phoenicia. Elagabalus. A.D. 218-222 AD. AE 25. The ship Argo left, with steersman, the Dioscuri, rowers, shield and ladder; car of Astarte above.TextImage
Rouvier 1509Elagabalus AE30 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP CAESAR M AV ANTONINVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AVG PIA SID COL METR, Priest plowing right with pair of oxen, standard above inscribed L III GAL in two lines. TextImage
Rouvier 1514Elagabalus AE28 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP C M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate bust right / COL AVR PIA METRO SID, prize-table, garlanded, with two price-urns, each decorated with palm, between them staff composed by cart of Astarte, Sidon set on palm tree; ; left below table five balls piled into a pyramid and a voting urn. IE PER ISE OECVM in exergue.TextImage
SNG Cop 255Elagabalus AE30 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP CAESAR M AV ANTONINVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / AVR PIA SID COL MET, two-wheeled cult cart of Astarte right, with roof on four columns, two palms emerging from it; holy stone (baetyl) from Sidon within. TextImage
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SNG Rhighetti 2302Annia Faustina AE 19mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. ANNIA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right / COL AVR PIA METRO, SID below, Asklepios standing left, leaning on serpent staff and holding wand. SNG Fitz. 6064; SNG Righetti 2302.TextImage
Rouvier 1572 Annia Faustina AE 28mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. ANNIA FAVSTINA, diademed, draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders / COL AVR-PIA METRO, cart of Astarte. Rouvier 1572: Babelon 1831. TextImage
Rouvier 1572var Annia Faustina AE 26mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. ANNIA FAVSTINA, diademed, draped bust right / COL AVR-PIA METRO, cart of Astarte. Rouvier 1572 var (crescent on obv.) TextImage
JULIA MAESA
BMC 296Julia Maesa, AE23 of Sidon, Phoenicia. 8.47 gr. IVL MAESA AVG, draped bust right / COL AV PIA MET, Kadmos running left on prow, looking right, holding sheathed sword in left hand and raising right hand. Rouvier 1591 corr. (reverse description); BMC 296.TextImage
BMC 300Julia Maesa AE20 of Sidon. IVL MAESA AVG, draped bust right / Car of Astarte containing sacred baetyl, perhaps a meteorite, below canopy. SNG Cop. 264.TextImage
BMC 300Julia Maesa AE 30mm of Sidon, Phoenicia. IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right / COL AVR PIA METR SIDON, car of Astarte with four branches protruding from roof.TextImage
Rouvier 1589Julia Maesa, AE23 of Sidon, Phoenicia. AD 218-224. IOVL MAICA AVG, draped bust right / COL AVR PIA METR SIDO, Marsyas standing right within arched tetrastyle temple, right hand raised, wineskin over shoulder. Paris E2933; Rouvier 1589; Bernhart -.TextImage
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
BMC 316cfSeverus Alexander AE24 of Sidon, Phoenicia. IMP M AVP SEVERVS ALEXANDER, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA METR SIDON, Athena standing right about to hurl spear at a lion to right, cart of Astarte in upper right.TextImage
Rouvier 1602Severus Alexander, AE26 of Sidon, Phoenicia. AD 222235. 12.8 g. M AVR ALEXANDRVS CAES, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right. / COL AVR PIA METRO SIDO, Dido, naked to waist, seated left, holding sceptre and raising right hand. Symbol (mason on city gate?) at foot left. Rouvier 1602.TextImage
Rouvier 1612Severus Alexander AE25 of Side, Phoenicia. 4 Assaria, AD 222-235. 9.89 g. IMR (sic) CAE M AVR SEV ALEXANDER, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA MET SID, Kybele sitting left on lion walking right, small symbol of the cart of Atargatis at upper right. Rouvier 1612; Babelon Perses 1852; Paris E2919.TextImage
SNG Cop 268Severus Alexander 222-235 AD. AE of Sidon, Phoenicia. 6,74g. IMR (sic) CAE M A (...), laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / COL AVR PIA METRO / SID, Cult carriage of Astarte with Baitylos right. SNG Cop 268, BMC 318-319.TextImage

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