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Ancient Coinage of Syria, Damascus


Syria, Coele-Syria, Damascus


Damascus was renamed Demetrias Sacra during the reign of Demetrios III (97-88 BC) and this name remained until 36 BC when it reverted back to Damaskos.

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CITY AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 1
(Demetrias)
Damascus as Demetrias, 97-36 BC, AE22, 9.35 g. Diademed male head right / DHMHTRIEWN THS IERAS, Tyche seated left on rock, holding cornucopiae, right arm outstretched; river-god below. BMC 1; Hoover HGC, 1458.TextImage
BMC 3
(Demetrias)
Damascus as Demetrias, 97-36 BC, AE22, 8.35 g. Laureate head of Apollo(?) right / DHMHTRIEWN THS IERAS, Zeus standing left, holding sceptre, all within laurel wreath. BMC 3-5; De Saulcy (Terre Sainte) 4; Hoover HGC, 1460.TextImage
Hoover 1459Damascus as Demetrias, 97-36 BC, AE19, 5.30 g. Turreted head of Tyche right / DHMHTRIEWN THS IERAS, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. De Saulcy (Terre Sainte) 5; Hoover HGC, 1459; SNG Munich 1028.TextImage
Hoover 1461Damascus as Demetrias, 97-36 BC, AE16, 2.20 g. Turreted head of Tyche right / DHMHTRIEWN THS IERAS, Nike walking left, holding wreath and palm branch. De Saulcy (Terre Sainte) 3; Hoover HGC, 1461.TextImage
Lindgren III 1633Syria, Damascus(?) ca 1st Century BC to 1st Century AD. AE 19mm. Diademed head of king right / Turreted & diademed head of Tyche right; N behind, all within wreath. TextImage
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RPC 4781Cleopatra VII (51-30 BC), AE 21mm, Damascus, 37/36 BC. Diademed bust right / [DAM]ASKHNWN, Tyche of Damascus seated left on rock, her right arm extended, her left holding cornucopiae, the river-god Chrysoroas swimming at her feet. RPC 4781; Svoronos 1893.TextImage
RPC 4782Syria, Coele-Syria. Damascus. Cleopatra VII. Year 276 (37/36 BC). AE 22mm. Turreted head of Tyche right / Nike advancing right with wreath. TextImage
MARC ANTONY
Lindgren III 1633Antony & Cleopatra AE20 of Damascus, Syria. 37/36 BC. Bearded, diademed head right with features of Antony / ZA, turreted bust of Tyche right, with features of Cleopatra, dotted sceptre, branch before.TextObvRev
CLEOPATRA
RPC 4783Cleopatra VII, AE21 of Damascus, Phoenicia, 33/32 BC, Diademed bust of Cleopatra right, hair in a bun, dotted borderi / DAMASKHNWN, Tyche seated left.TextImage
OCTAVIAN
RPC 4786Octavian AE 18mm of Damascus. Bare head right / Tyche seated left on rock, holding cornucopiae, right arm extended; river-god swimming below. Lindgren III 1252.TextImage
AUGUSTUS
RPC 4795Augustus AE 21mm of Damascus. Year 325 (13/14 AD). Bare head (of Tiberius?) right / Turreted head of Tyche right; within wreath. BMC 3.TextImage
TIBERIUS
RPC 4800Tiberius AE 21mm of Damascus. Year 345 (33/34 AD). Veiled female head right (of Livia?) / Stag or whimsical animal standing left; date NMN below. RPC I 4800.TextImage
NERO
RPC 4803Nero AE25 of Damascus, Syria. Laureate head right, lituus before / DAMASKENWN ZOT, Tyche seated left on rocks, arm outstretched & holding cornucopiae, river god swimming below. BMC 6.TextObvRev
COMMODUS
Lindgren III 1256Commodus AE17 of Damascus, Syria. L AVPHLIOC KAI KOMMODOC VII AT, bareheaded, draped bust right / DAMASKHNWN MHTROP, river-god reclining left, holding sistrum and cornucopiae, XPV COPO in ex. Mionnet supp VIII 15v.TextImage
Mionnet 43Commodus AE20 of Damascus, Syria. Bareheaded, draped bust right / DAMACKHNWN MHTROPOLEWC, Tyche, turreted, seated against rocks left, holding fish in right hand and cornucopiae in left, river-god swimming below. Mionnet V, 43.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Lindgren 2141ASeptimius Severus AE 22mm of Damascus. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Tyche seated left, holding cornucopiae and small club before her.TextImage
CARACALLA
BMC 14Caracalla AE 24mm of Damascus, Syria. AVTOKPA ANTONINW, laureate & cuirassed bust right / DAMACKOC MHTPOPOLEOC, turreted & draped bust of Tyche left, holding cornucopiae over shoulder. Rosenberger 25; Lindgren III 1258.TextImage
BMC 14vSyria, Coele-Syria. Damascus. Caracalla. AE 23mm. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Draped and turreted bust of Nike left; cornucopiae at shoulder. SNGCop 424.TextImage
BMC 16Caracalla, AE25 of Damascus, Syria. Mature radiate bust right / Tetrastyle shrine, with arched lintel and domed roof, containing turreted bust of Astarte left. BMC16.TextObvRev
SGI 2661Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Damascus, Syria. Dated COS IIII = 215-217 AD. AVT K M A ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate head right / DHMAPX EZ VPATOC TO D, eagle standing facing, wings open, head left with wreath in beak, ram's head left between legs. Bellinger 219, Prieur 1204.TextObvRev
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Mionnet 21Caracalla, AE of Damascus, Syria. AVTOK A(NTONINOC), laureate, draped bust right / (DAMACKOY MHTROP KOLONI around) CEBA-CMAI in two lines within civic wreath. Mionnet S8 21; Gessner 66.TextImage
PHILIP I
Mionnet 63Philip I AE 28mm of Damascus, Syria. IMP C IVL PHILIPPVS PIO FEL AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust left / COL ­AM-A METRO, hind standing right, suckling Telephos. Mionnet V, 63TextImage
SNG Cop 425Philip I AE 25mm of Damascus, Syria. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left / Ram standing right. BMC 23.TextImage
OTACILIA SEVERA
BMC 25Otacilia Severa, AE29 of Damascus, Syria. 244-249 AD. M OTACI SEVERA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, wearing stephane / COL DAMA METR, She-wolf standing right, suckling twins before a vexillum inscribed LEG VI F; head of ram right below. Rosenberger 41; BMC 25; Mionnet V, 70.TextImage
Mionnet 36Otacilia Severa AE29 of Damascus, Syria, M OTAC SEVERA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / COL DAMA ME TRO, tetrastyle temple within which is a female bust; outside the temple, on each side, a female with hands raised and above them on each side, a small building with several columns, seen from the side. Mionnet V, 36; Sestini 19.TextImage
Sear GIC 3980Otacilia Severa, Philip I and II, AE30.5 Tetrassaria of Damascus, Syria. 14,69g. M OTAC SE-VERA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent, ram's head right below / IMPP DD NN PHILILPPIS AVGG (sic !), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right of Philip I facing radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left of Philip II. Sear GIC 3980; cf. Lindgren & Kovacs, 2149 (same reverse die).TextImage
PHILIP II
Lindgren 2150Philip II AE 25mm of Damascus. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Marsyas standing right, holding wine skin and right arm outstretched; cyprus tree before.TextImage
VOLUSIAN
Rouvier 99Volusian AE24 of Damascus, Syria. IMP GALLO VOLOSSIANO AVG, laureate, draped bust right / COL DAMAS METRO, deer standing right, infant Telephos suckling below.TextImage
GALLIENUS
Rosenberger 61Gallienus AE 23mm of Coele-Syria, Damascus. IMP CAES P LIC GALLIENVS N... Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / _DAMASWEWN, Agnostic table surmounted by prize urn.TextImage
SALONINA
SGI 4691Salonina AE22 of Coele-Syria, Damascus. CORNE SANIONA AVG (sic), diademed draped bust right, set on crescent / COL DAMAS METRO, Agonistic crown set on table with three lion-footed legs . Rosenberger 63. TextImage
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See also: Perseus Project database, coins of Damascus
Entry for Syria, Damascus on the Digital Historia Numorum
Search for Damascus in the British SNG Volumes' Database at the Fitzwilliam Museum
Search for Damascus in the RPC IV (Antonines) database at the Ashmolean Museum

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