Ancient Coinage of Sicily, Syracuse



Syracuse, a Greek city on the coast of Sicily
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PeriodDescription or name
See below for Sear Greece entries for Syracuse
510-485 BC First Democracy
485-466 BCThe Deinomenid Tyranny
485-478 BC -- Gelon, Tyrant of Gela from 491 BC, conquered Syracuse in 485
478-466 BC -- Hieron I, Brother of Gelon
466-406 BCSecond Democracy
412-405 BCCarthaginians rule Punic Sicily
406-367 BCDionysius I
367-344 BCDionysius II
357-353 BCDion
344-336 BCTimoleon
336-317 BCThird Democracy
317-289 BCAgathokles
289-287 BCFourth Democracy
287-278 BCHiketas, 287-278 BC.
278-276 BCPyrrhos or Pyrrhus
275-215 BC Hiero or Hieron II
-- Philistis, Wife of Heiron II
-- Gelon, Son of Heiron II, predeceased his father, died in 215 BC
215-214 BCHieronymos, Son of Gelon and Grandson of Hieron II
214-212 BCFifth Democracy, 214-212 BC.
212 BC and laterSyracuse under the Romans

Coins of Syracuse in Sear, Greek Coins and Their Values
Sear 913Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Rule of the Tyrant Gelon, 480-475 BC. ΣYΡAKOΣION, head of Artemis-Arethusa right, four dolphins around / quadriga driven to the right by a male charioteer, nike flying above, crowning the horses with a wreath.TextImage
Sear 917Syracuse, Sicily, AR Obol. c 480 BC. Head of Arethusa right, hair turned up under diadem of beads / Wheel with four spokes. TextImage
Sear 922Syracuse, Sicily, AR Obol. Rule of the Tyrant Gelon, ca 465 BC. Wreathed head of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos / Σ-Y-Ρ-A in compartments of wheel of four spokes. TextImage
Sear SG 929Syracuse, Sicily, AR Litra. c 450 BC, ΣYΡA retrograde, head of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos / Octopus. BMC 50.TextImage
Sear SG 930Sicily, Syracuse AR Obol. mm, 0.7 g. Deinomenid Tyranny. Time of Hieron I, ca 478470 BC. Head of Arethusa right, wearing pearl taenia / Wheel with four spokes. Boehringer Series XI, 279-85; Hoover HGC 1371.TextImage
Sear SG 932Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. 450-439 BC. Slow quadriga driven by charioteer holding goad; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses / Head of Artemis-Arethusa right, hair bound with cord wound around four times, forming an elongated coiffure.TextImage
Sear SG 938Syracuse, Sicily AR Drachm. c. 415 BC, ΛEYK AΣΠIΣ, the hero Leukaspis, naked, walking right, holding sword and oval shield, EY in exergue / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around, EYMEN below. Sear SG 938; BMC 162; HGC 2, 1362; Rizzo plate 42, 9; Baldus 40, 3-5; de Luynes 1253; SNG Fitzwilliam 1257; SNG Ashmolean 2011. BMC 162.TextImage
Sear SG 953Sicily, Syracuse AR Dekadrachm. ca 400 BC, signed die by Euainetos. Galloping quadriga left, Nike flying above about to crown charioteer / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, head of Arethusa or Persephone left, hair bound with wreath of corn leaves, four dolphins around, EYAINE below.TextImage
Sear SG 954As above, but unsigned and with an eight-rayed star behind Arethusa's neck. ----
Sear SG 958Sicily, Syracuse. 310-305 BC. EL 12 1/2 Litrae (1.83 g). Laureate head of Apollo left / Lyre, ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN. TextImage
Sear SG 964Syracuse, Time of Timoleon, 344-317 B.C., AR 1 1/2 or 2 litrae. 1.51g, 13mm. ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Janiform female head, two dolphins to right / Free horse galloping right. Sear SG 964; SNG ANS 516; SNG Cop 718.TextImage
Sear SG 965Time of Timoleon, 344-317 B.C., Syracuse AR hemidrachm or 2 litrae. c. 400 BC, 13 mm, 1.29 g. Corinthian standard. Forepart of Pegasus left. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Head of Nymph Arethusa left, hair rolled, wearing necklace, three dolphins around. SNG Fitz. 135; SNG ANS 515; SNG Munich 1130; BMC 276; Sear SG 965; Dewing 932.TextImage
Sear SG 974Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles AR Tetradrachm. KOΡAΣ, Head of Persephone right in wreath of corn / AΓAΘOKΛEIOΣ, Nike standing right, erecting trophy. Triskeles rotating right in lower left field. Sear 974; BAR Issue 23; Hoover HGC 1536.TextImage
Sear SG 975Sicily, Syracuse, Agathocles, AR Stater. 317-310 BC. Head of Athena right / Pegasos left. TextImage
Sear SG 983Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II AV 60 Litrae or Dekadrachm. Period III, phase I, ca 220-217 BC. Wreathed head of Persephone left, in triple-pendant earring and necklace; bucranium behind / IEΡΩNOΣ beneath charioteer in galloping biga right, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left; monogram below.TextImage
Sear SG 994Sicily, Syracuse. Hieronymus. 215-214 BC. AR 10 Litrai, 8.5 g. Diademed bust of Hieronymus left. / BAΣIΛEΩΣ IEΡΩNYMOY, Winged thunderbolt; Date (AI, KI, MI etc.) above. Winterthur 1007; SNG ANS 1027-1029; Hoover HGC 1567.TextImage
Sear SG 997Sicily, Syracuse, Republic of 214-212 BC, AR 12 Litrae. Head of Athena left wearing crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with horse / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Artemis standing left, discharging arrow from bow, hound running left at her feet, letters and or monogram in left field. BMC 652ff.TextImage
Sear SG 999Sicily, Syracuse, Fifth Democracy (214-212 BC). Silver 8 litrae. Head of Kore left, wreathed with grain, in triple pendant earring and [necklace], small owl standing left behind neck / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Nike driving fast quadriga right, ARK monogram above, AI under horses' forelegs, tiny LY between double exergual lines. Burnett D53, Luynes 1395, BMC 658.TextImage
Sear SG 1004Sicily, Syracuse AR 1.25 Litra. Time of Hieron II, 275-215 BC. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / ΣYΡAKOΣION, owl standing facing on branch, A to left. SNG Cop 884, SNGANS 906.TextImage
Sear SG 1184Syracuse, Sicily, AE15 trias, 4.35 g. 440-425 BC. ΣYΡA, Head of Arethusa right, hair in koymbos, dolphins before and behind. / Octopus, three dots around. SNG ANS 378; Sear 1184; BMC 126.TextImage
Sear SG 1185Syracuse AE16. c410 BC. Head of Arethusa left, hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, ΦΡY on back of sphendone. / Star of 16 rays at the centre of a quadripartite incuse square.TextImage
Sear SG 1186Syracuse AE hemilitron. c400 BC, Female head left, hair wrapped in sphendone at back of neck, dolphin behind. / Four-spoked wheel, ΣYΡA in upper two quadrants, two dolphins in lower two quadrants. BMC 243; CNS II, 19-23; Hoover HGC 1479. TextImage
Sear SG 1187Sicily, Syracuse AE17 Litra. 357-344 BC, Female head left, hair in sphendone, spray of olive leaves behind / ΣYΡA, Dolphin leaping right over a scallop shell. SGI 1187; Calciati 124; Magna Graecia 38. TextImage
Sear SG 1188Syracuse, Sicily, AE16 half-litra, 3.31 g. ΣYΡA, Head of Arethusa or Dionysos left. / Cuttle-fish (octopus). Calciati 11/2. SNG Morcom 696.TextImage
Sear SG 1189Syracuse AE 28mm Drachm. Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath / starfish between two dolphins. Sear SG 1189; Calciati CNS 62; BMC 287; SNG ANS 454-469; Weber 1630.TextImage
Sear SG 1191Sicily, Syracuse; AE 26 Litra, 344-336 BC. Head of Zeus Eleutherios left, hair long / Free horse prancing left. SNG ANS 533.TextImage
Sear SG 1192Sicily, Syracuse. Time of Timoleon. AE25 Hemilitron. 344-336 BC, 13.64 g. ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEΡIOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Thunderbolt, eagle standing right in right field, wings closed. SNG ANS 479; Hoover HGC 1440; Sear SG 1192.TextImage
Sear SG 1193Syracuse AE Trias. 344-336 BC. Head of Athena wearing Corinthian style helmet / Hippocamp left, with curled wing.TextImage
Sear SG 1195Syracuse, Sicily, AE19. Time of Agothokles, 317-289 BC. ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, head of Persephone left. / Bull butting left, dolphin with NK monogram above, dolphin below. Sear SG 1195; SNG ANS 567; Hoover HGC 1444; BMC 357TextImage
Sear SG 1198Syracuse, Sicily, AE13. Time of Agathokles, 317-289 BC. Laureate head of Apollo left / Dog reclining left, head turned, star above, SW in exergue. BMC 377; Favorito 53; CNS II, 149; Hoover HGC 1425. TextImage
Sear SG 1199Syracuse, Sicily, AE18. 317-289 BC, Laureate head of Apollo left / Pegasus flying left, letter below.TextImage
Sear SG 1200Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles AE 24mm. ca 295 BC. ΣΩTEIΡA, bust of Artemis right, quiver over shoulder / AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ above and beneath winged thunderbolt. BMC 422, SNGCop 779, Calciati 142. TextImage
Sear SG 1201Sicily, Syracuse, AE22. Time of Agathokles, 312-289 BC. ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, young male head (of Hercules?) right wearing tainia / lion prowling right, club above. Lindgren III 527; BMC 389.TextImage
Sear SG 1202Sicily, Syracuse, AE25. Reign of Agathokles, 317-289 BC. Head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet / Horseman wearing Phrygian helmet cantering right, holding couched spear, A below. Calciati 117; SNG Morcom 749; BMC 409.TextImage
Sear SG 1203Syracuse, Sicily, AE22 hemidrachm, time of Agathokles. 317-289 BC. 10.43g. ΣYΡAKOΣION, Helmeted head of Athena right. / Pegasus flying left. SNG ANS 694; Sear SG 1203; BAR issue 14; CNS 117.TextImage
Sear SG 1204Syracuse, Sicily. AE13, time of Agathokles. 317-289 BC. 1.58 g. Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet. / ΣYΡAK-OΣIΩN above and beneath winged thunderbolt. CNS 118; SNG ANS 752; BMC 414.TextImage
Sear SG 1207Syracuse, Sicily, AE21 litra, 8.43 g. Time of Agathokles, 317-289 BC. ΣΩTEIΡA, Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder. / ΣYΡAK-OΣIΩN above and beneath winged thunderbolt. Sear 1207; CNS II, 142/25; SNG ANS 708; Hoover HGC 1537.TextImage
Sear SG 1208Syracuse, Sicily, AE15 hemilitra, 2.66 g. Time of Fourth Democracy, circa 289-287 BC. ΣΩTEIΡA, Head of Artemis left, quiver at shoulder. / ΣYΡAK-OΣIΩN above and beneath winged thunderbolt. Sear 1208; CNS 147 corr.; SNG ANS 746; BMC 408.TextImage
Sear SG 1209Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, tyrant, 288-279 BC, AE20, 10.82 g. ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Head of Persephone left. / Galloping biga driven right by charioteer, star above, YE monogram below. Sear 1209; CNS II 123. Hoover HGC 1446.TextImage
Sear SG 1210ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Head of Persephone right. / Galloping biga driven right by charioteer, star above, monogram below. Sear 1210.TextImage
Sear SG 1211Syracuse, Sicily, AE22, Hiketas II. 287-278 BC. ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOY, Laureate, youthful beardless head of Zeus Hellanois left. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings spread. Sear 1211; BMC 468; SNG ANS 808.TextImage
Sear SG 1212Syracuse, Sicily, AE22, Hiketas II. 287-278 BC. ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOY, Laureate, youthful beardless head of Zeus Hellanois right. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings spread. Sear 1212; BMC 482; BAR Issue 39; CNS 172A; Hoover HGC 1449.TextImage
Sear SG 1213Sicily, Syracuse, Reign of Pyrrhos AE23. ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, head of Herakles left, wearing lionskin headdress / Athena Promachos advancing left brandishing spear and holding shield. BMC 493; CNS II 177; HGC 1450. TextImage
Sear SG 1214Syracuse, Sicily, Rule of Pyrrhos, 278-276 BC, AE22. Head of Herakles left wearing lionskin headdress. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Athena Promachos walking right, wielding thunderbolt and holding shield. BMC 503.TextImage
Sear SG 1221Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26. Diademed head of Hieron II left / IEΡΩNOΣ, Horseman galloping right, holding couched spear. Calciati 195.TextImage
Sear SG 1222Syracuse, Sicily, AE26 Hemilitron. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, Laureate head of Heiron left, pileus behind head / IEΡΩNOΣ, Horseman galloping right, holding couched spear. Sear SG 1222; BMC 570; CNS II, 193; SNG ANS 909.TextImage
Sear SG 1223Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II AE22. 275-216 BC. Head of Poseidon left / IEΡΩNOΣ, ornamented trident of Poseidon. BMC 603.TextImage
Sear SG 1226Sicily, Syracuse, Republic. AE19. 214-212 BC. Head of Poseidon left, wearing taenia. / ΣYΡA-KOΣIΩN, Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins. Sear SG 1226; BMC 671; Calciati 207; SNG Cop 891.TextImage
Sear SG 1228Syracuse, Sicily, AE26, Roman Times, after 212 BC, 10.53 g. Laureate head of Zeus right. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, cult image (simulacrum) of Isis in a slow quadriga right. Sear SG 1228; SNG Cop 897; BMC 684-687; Calciati 230.TextImage
Sear SG 1229Syracuse, Sicily, AE20. Roman Times, after 212 BC. Laureate head of Zeus left / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Nike driving galloping biga right. BMC 691; Hoover 1474; Calciati II, 227-229; Sear 1229.TextImage
Sear SG 1230Syracuse Sicily AE21, Roman times. 212 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet. / ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Nike standing facing, wings spread, a sacrificial ram at her feet. Sear SG 1230; SNG Cop 910; SNG Munich 1452 ff; SNG ANS 1087; Calciati 233.TextImage
Sear SG 1231Sicily, Syracuse, AE20, under Roman rule, 212-150 BC. Head of Serapis right, hair bound in a taenia / ΣYΡAKOCIΩN, Isis standing half-left, wearing head dress, holding sistrum and sceptre. SNG Cop 904, SNG ANS 1065.TextImage
Sear SG 1234Sicily, Syracuse AE15. Under Roman rule, after 212 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right. / ΣY-ΡA KOΣ-IΩN in two lines across fields, Apex (priest's cap), Q in right field. Sear SG 1234; BMC 716; SNG Cop 914; Hoover HGC 1515.TextImage
Sear SG 1234 (2)Sicily, Syracuse AE15. Under Roman rule, after 212 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right. / ΣYΡA KOΣIΩN around, Apex (priest's cap), Q in right field. Sear SG 1234; BMC 716; SNG Cop 914; Hoover HGC 1515.TextImage
Magna Graecia Coins of Syracuse, General History