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Ancient Coinage of Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy

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BMC 49Syracuse, Sicily, AR Litra. circa 450 BC. Second Democracy. SURA, head of Arethusa right, wearing earring, necklace and pearl diadem, hair bound behind head / Cuttle-fish. BMC 49; Bohringer 421; Sear 929.TextImage
Boehringer Essays 12Syracuse, Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AV Dilitron, 1.86 gr, signed by the engraver Im..., struck ca 406 BC. SYRAKOSIWN, Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with a coiled serpent and a palmette; below neck, engraver's initials; to left, fillet bearing the name of the Syrakusans / Facing head of Medusa, with tongue protruding, at the center of an aegis ornamented with coiling snakes. C. Boehringer, Essays Thompson, pl. 38, 12.TextImage
Boehringer 423Sicily, Syracuse AR Litra. ca 460-450 BC. Head of Arethusa right, in hoop earring with pendant, & beaded diadem under which hair tucked up behind / Octopus. SNG ANS 133. TextImage
Boehringer 477Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Shortly before 450 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right to crown horses, ketos (sea serpent) right in exergue / SURAKOSI-O-N, head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace, hoop earring with pendant, & pearl diadem under which hair tucked up behind, four dolphins around. Randazzo 535 (this coin). Boehringer 477 (V255/R342). TextImage
Boehringer 489Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 450445 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying left to crown driver, ketos (sea serpent) in exergue / SURAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, in round earring with finial, thin band wound round head & tying back hair in queue, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 492Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 450-445 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying left to crown him, ketos (sea serpent) right in exergue / SURAKOS-I-O-N, head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace, hoop earring with three pellets at bottom, & band wound once around head & three times around hair in back, four dolphins around. Boehringer 492 (V259/R348). TextImage
Boehringer 509Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 445 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses, sea serpent right in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, hair rolled, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 514Sicily, Syracuse. ca 474-450 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron, Nike above crowning horses, serpent in ex / SVRAKOSI-ON, head of Arethusa right, in a pearl diadem, by four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 515Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Circa 460-440 BC. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding reins with both hands; Nike flying above crowning horses, ketos right in exergue / Diademed head of Arethusa right, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise. SNG Lockett 933. TextImage
Boehringer 516Sicily, Syracuse. Ca. 450 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Slow biga righti being crowned by Victory flying above / SURAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 521Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 445 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right to crown horses, ketos (sea serpent) right in exergue / SURAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace, earring with small pendant, & pearl diadem, hair curled around face & tied in krobylos at back, four dolphins around. Boehringer 521 (V272/R370). TextImage
Boehringer 530Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm of the Second Democracy. 474-450 BC. Charioteer driving biga right, Nike flying above; ketos right in ex / SURAKOSION, diademed bust of Arethusa right, four dolphins around. Boehringer 530.TextImage
Boehringer 546Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 445 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses, sea serpent right in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, hair rolled around fillet, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 552Syracuse, Sicily, AR hemiobol, (0.32g) c. 480 BC. Head of Arethusa right / S U R A inside wheel. TextImage
Boehringer 557Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 440 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right to crown horses, ketos (sea serpent) right in exergue / SURAKOSI-ON, head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace with pendant, hoop earring with small pendant, & fillet around which hair rolled in back, four dolphins around outside legend. Boehringer 557 (V282/R387). TextImage
Boehringer 594Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 435 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses, sea serpent right in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, hair rolled around fillet, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 595Sicily, Syracuse. ca 440-430 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above & crowning horses, ketos left in ex / SYRAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around swimming clockwise. TextImage
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Boehringer 597Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 435 BC. Fast quadriga left, above Nike flying right to crown charioteer, sea serpent left in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, hair tied in loose krobylos at top of head, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 600Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 435 BC. Fast quadriga left, above Nike flying right to crown charioteer, sea serpent left in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, hair tied in loose krobylos at top of head, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 604Sicily - Syracuse. 430-425 BC. AR Tetradrachm. 17g. Victorious quadriga l., horses prancing; above, Nike flying r. to crown charioteer / Head of Arethusa r., surrounded by four dolphins. TextImage
Boehringer 641Sicily. Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 430 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses / SURAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa right, in choker with offset bead, whorl earring, ampyx ornamented with olive branch, & saccos ornamented with meander in band, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 647Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 430 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown charioteer / Head of Arethusa right, in ampyx & sakkos with meander ornament, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 654Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 430 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right to crown horses, olive branch in exergue / SURAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, in choker, whorl earring, ampyx, & sphendone ornamented with meander, four dolphins around. Boehringer 654 (V331/R449). TextImage
Boehringer 656Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. 450-439 BC. Slow quadriga, horses crowned by Nike / head of Arethusa, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 672Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 425 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses / Head of Arethusa right, in wire choker with pendant on side, whorl earring, & band wound four times around head & hair, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 675Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 425 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses / ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΟΝ, head of Arethusa right, in whorl earring & wire necklace with ornament on side, thin band wound four times around head & hair, supporting it in a high chignon in back, four dolphins around. TextImage
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Boehringer 683Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 450-439 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.17 gm). Charioteer driving walking quadriga right; Nike flying left above / Head of Arethusa right, hair in sakkos; four dolphins swimming around. TextImage
Boehringer 698Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 425 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying left to crown driver / Head of Arethusa right, in ampyx & sphendone ornamented with meander, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 700Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 425 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying left to crown charioteer / Head of Arethusa right, in whorl earring & ampyx ornamented with olive branch, hair confined in saccus with meander ornament, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer 709vSicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm, c. 420, signed by 'A'. Biga walking right; above, Nike flying left crowning charioteer / Diademed bust of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos ornamented with maeander pattern and inscribed with the letter A; around, four dolphins swimming to right. Boehringer 709 (but with the A on the sakkos not noted).TextImage
Boehringer 710Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 425 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying left to crown driver / ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΟΝ, head of Arethusa right, in ampyx, whole earring, & wire necklace, hair confined in sakkos ornamented with meander, four dolphins around. TextImage
Boehringer V258R356Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 450-445 BC. Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying left to crown driver, sea serpent right in exergue / Head of Arethusa right, band wound round head & criss-crossing krobylos, four dolphins around. TextImage
Calciati 1SICILY, Syracuse. ca 425 BC. AE Tetras. SURA before, head of Arethusa right, dolphin behind / Octopus; three pellets. SNG Cop 653. TextImage
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Calciati 24Syracuse, Second Democracy, AE18, ca. 415405 BC. 3.40 g. Head of Arethusa left, wearing sphendone, two leaves behind head / SURA, Dolphin leaping right, scallop shell below. Calciati 24, Hoover HGC 1480.TextImage
Calciati 30SICILY, Syracuse. ca 425 BC. AE Tetras. Head of Arethusa right in necklace; XXXX around / SV-R-A, hippocamp right, octopus below; three pellets around. SNG ANS 1382. TextImage
Calciati 42SICILY, Syracuse. ca 390 BC. AE Litra. SURA, helmeted head of Athena left, in necklace & Corinthian helmet decorated with an olive wreath; dolphins before & behind / Hippocamp left. SNG ANS 447, SNG Cop 722. TextImage
Hirmer 94AR Tetradrachm, 466-405 BC (16.43 g). Charioteer driving quadriga right, Nike flying right above, crowning his horses, leaf in exergue / SURAKOSION, head of Arethusa right, hair tied together in a sakkos, four dolphins around. Franke-Hirmer 94; Boehringer 820; cf. Rizzo, pl. XL, 15 and pl. XL,16.TextImage
Hoover 1384Syracuse, Sicily, AR hemilitron, (0.34g) ca 440-430 BC. Head of Arethusa right / Six pellets within four-spoked wheel. Boehringer 608-611; Hoover HGC, 1384.TextImage
SNG ANS 127cfSicily, Syracuse AR Hemiobol. ca 480 BC, Head of Arethusa right / wheel of four spokes with a central dot. TextImage
SNG ANS 129Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 466-460 BC. AR Litra (0.57gm). Diademed head of Arethusa right / Octopus. Boehringer Group IV, 13; SNG ANS 129-131. TextImage
SNG ANS 132Sicily, Syracuse. 474-450 BC. AR Litra. Head of Artemis-Arethusa right, in ear-ring, necklace & diadem of beads / Cuttle-fish; SURA. BMC 48. TextImage
SNGANS 133Syracuse. c466-460 BC. AR Litra. Pearl-diademed head of Arethusa right / Octopus. TextImage
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SNGANS 137Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 466-460 BC. AR Litra (0.69 gm). SURA (R retrograde), Archaic head of Arethusa right / Octopus. TextImage
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SNG ANS 139Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 466-460 BC. AR Litra (0.68 gm). Diademed head of Arethusa right; SVRA / Octopus. TextImage
SNG ANS 149Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. ca 460-440 BC. Charioteer driving biga right / head of Artemis Arethusa right surrounded by dolphins. TextImage
SNG ANS 156yracuse. Circa 460-450 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.86 gm). Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding reins with both hands; Nike flying above crowning charioteer, ketos (sea monster) in exergue / SVRAKOSION, diademed head of Arethusa. TextImage
SNG ANS 158Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy AR Tetradrachm. Struck circa 466-460 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron & reins; above, Nike flying left, crowning charioteer; in exergue, ketos right / SVRAKOSIO-N, diademed head of Arethusa right, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise. TextImage
SNGANS 160Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 460-450 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above and crowning horses, ketos (sea monster) in exergue / SU-RA-KOSI-ON, diademed head of TextImage
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SNG ANS 162Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 460-450 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above and crowning horses, ketos (sea monster) in exergue / Diademed head of Arethusa right, TextImage
SNG ANS 168Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy AR Tetradrachm. Struck circa 450 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses; in exergue, ketos right / SVRAKOSION, diademed head of Arethusa right, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise. Boehringer Series XV, 522. TextImage
SNG ANS 182Sicily, Syracuse. ca 450-440 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above & crowning horses, ketos right in exergue / SYRAKOSI-ON, head of Arethusa right, in single-pendant earring & a necklace with a pendant, band of pearls in hair; four dolphins around swimming clockwise. TextImage
SNGANS 184Sicily, Syracuse. ca 450-440 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above & crowning horses, ketos right in exergue / SVRAKOSI-ON, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around swimming clockwise. Boehringer 571. TextImage
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SNG ANS 194Sicily, Syracuse. ca 440-430 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning horses; ketos swimming left in exergue / S-YPAKOSION, head of Arethusa right in earrings & necklace with pendant, hair tied with two hair bands, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise. TextImage
SNG ANS 198Sicily, Syracuse. ca 440-430 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving galloping quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning charioteer, ketos in exergue / SVPAKOSI-ON, head of Arethusa right, hair drawn up over head into a korymbos, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise. Boehringer 604. TextImage
SNG ANS 208Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. 450-430BC, Male figure in quadriga r., the horses being crowned by Nike flying r. over them/Rev. Diad. hd. of Arethusa r. wearing earring and necklace, TextImage
SNG ANS 215Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 430-420 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above and crowning horses / Head of Arethusa right, wearing ampyx and sakkos. TextImage
SNG ANS 223Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 430-420 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving walking quadriga right, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above and crowning charioteer / Head of Arethusa right. TextImage
SNG ANS 225Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Slow quadriga right, Nike flying right above to crown charioteer / SYPAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around. Boehinger 684, SNG Ans 225-226. TextImage
SNG ANS 228Sicily, Syracuse. Circa 450-439 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.66 gm). Charioteer driving walking quadriga right; Nike flying left above / Head of Arethusa right, hair in sakkos; four dolphins swimming clockwise around. TextImage
SNGANS 238Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. c 420 BC. Slow biga right, charioteer, holding kentron being crowned by Nike flying left / SURAKOSI O N, head of Arethusa right, hair in sakkos, four dolphins around. BMC 116. TextImage
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SNG ANS 259Sicily, Syracuse. ca 415-405 BC. Obverse die signed by Eumenes, reverse die signed by Eukleidas. AR Tetradrachm. Charioteer driving galloping quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left; Nike flying above crowning charioteer, EVMHNOV in exergue / SURAKOSIOS, head of Arethusa left, in looped earring & necklace, surrounded by four dolphins swimming; EUKL/EIDA inscribed on tablet below chin. TextImage
SNG ANS 273Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Circa 415-405 BC. Arethusa / Charioteer. Obverse die signed by Euth(ymos?), reverse die signed by Eumenos. TextImage
SNG ANS 274Sicily, Syracuse. ca 415-405 BC. Obverse die signed by Euth(ymos?), reverse die signed by Phrygillos. AR Tetradrachm. Nike driving galloping quadriga right, holding reins in both hands, Nike flying above; in exergue Skylla holding trident over shoulder, dolphin behind, fish before, signature EUQ / SU-RAK-OS-I-ON, head of Arethusa left, four dolphins swimming; signature FRUGILL/OS in two lines below neck truncation. TextImage
SNG ANS 279Sicily, Syracuse. ca 415-405 BC. Obverse die signed by Phrygillos, Reverse die signed by Euarkidas. AR Tetradrachm. SVPA-KOSI-ON, head of Arethusa left in single-pendant earring, hair bound with ampyx & sphendone, FRU on ampyx, stars on sphendone; all surrounded by four dolphins swimming / Nike driving galloping quadriga right, holding torch in right hand, reins in both, Nike flying above crowning charioteer; grain ear in exergue, signature [EY]APXIA below horse's front hooves. TextImage
SNG ANS 284Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. Unsigned work by Parmenides, ca 410 BC. Quadriga left at full gallop, driven by driver being crowned by Nike flying above / SURAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa left, hair in sphendone, four dolphins around. Tudeer 74. TextImage
SNG ANS 287Syracuse, Second Democracy AR Tetradrachm. Struck before 405 BC. Reverse signed by Parmenides. Charioteer driving galloping quadriga left, holding kentron, reins, & raising hand; Nike flying above & crowning charioteer, grain ear in exergue / Head of Arethusa left, in ampyx TextImage
SNG Cop 669Sicily, Syracuse AR Hemilitron. 9 mm, 0.39 gr. Second Democracy, circa 425-400 BC. Head of Arethusa left / Wheel of four spokes, SY-PA in upper quarters, two dolphins in lower quarters. SNG Copenhagen 669.TextImage
Sear 929Syracuse, Sicily, AR Litra. c 450 BC, SURA retrograde, head of Arethusa right, hair bound in sakkos / Octopus. BMC 50.
(9 entries)
Sear 930Sicily, Syracuse AR Pentonkion or Obol. ca 474 BC. Head of Artemis/Arethusa with hair turned up under diadem of beads / wheel of four spokes. TextImage
Sear 932Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm. 450-439 BC. Slow quadriga driven by charioteer holding goad; above, Nike flying r., crowning horses / Head of Artemis-Arethusa right, hair bound with cord wound around four times, forming an elongated coiffure; inscription.TextImage
Sear 938Syracuse, Sicily AR Drachm. c. 415 BC, LEUK ASPIS, the hero Leukaspis, naked, advancing right, holding sword and oval shield, EY in exergue / SYRAKOSIWN, head of Arethusa right, four dolphins around, EYMEN below. BMC 162.
(2 entries)
Sear 1184Syracuse, Sicily, AE15 (trias). ca. 400 BC, Head of Arethusa right, hair in koymbos, dolphins before and behind / Octopus, three pellets around.
( 2 entries)
Sear 1186Syracuse, Sicily, Second Democracy, 415405 BC. AE Unit. Head of Arethusa left, wearing earring, necklace and sphendone, dolphin behind head / SU-RA across upper fields of a four-spoked wheel, dolphin in each of the lower sections. CNS II, 1923; Hoover HGC 1479; BMC 243-246; Sear Greece 1186.TextImage
See also: Magna Graecia Coins of Syracuse, Second Democracy
Entry for second_democracy on the Digital Historia Numorum
Search for Second Democracy in the British SNG Volumes' Database at the Fitzwilliam Museum
Search for Second Democracy in the ANS Database

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