Ancient Coinage of Lydia, Mastaura


North of Nazilli in present day Turkey. Parts of the city walls and an aquaduct, the ruins of a theater and of a few small buildings have as yet escaped modern bulldozers.

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CITY AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 2Mastaura, Lydia, 14-15 mm. Autonomous. AD 1-100. Thyrsos, bound with taenia, within ivy wreath / MAΣTAYΡEITΩN (from top right, clockwise), cornucopiae containing corn-ears and grapes, bound with taenia. BMC 2; SNG Cop 276; SNG Tuebingen 3724; Waddington 5086.TextImage
BMC 3Mastaura, Lydia. AD 1-100. AE 18mm. ΣΩZΩN, Apollo standing facing, head right, holding plectrum and leaning on lyre; bow and quiver in right field / MAΣTAYΡEITΩN, Hekate standing left, holding patera and torch. RPC I 2672A; BMC 3; Vienna 19479; Mionnet IV, 454 (rev. description corrected); Paris 724. TextImage
Consul Weber 3348Mastaura, AE13, civic issue, AD 1-100. Laureate head of Zeus right / MACTAY-ΡITΩN above and beneath palm branch within laurel wreath. Consul Weber (DE) Coll. 3348.TextImage
Imhoof KM 1Mastaura, Lydia, AE14. Autonomous. before AD 60. 2.1 gr. Sheaf of six corn-ears / MACTAYΡITΩN, bunch of grapes. Imhoof KM 1.TextImage
Mionnet Supp. VII 337Mastaura, Lydia, AE16, Autonomous. AD 1-100. 3.89 gr. Laureate head of Zeus right / MACTAYΡITΩN, palm branch and thyrsos within laurel wreath. Mionnet Supp. VII, 337; Paris 723.TextImage
Mionnet Supp VII, 338Mastaura, Lydia, AE25, semi-autonomous 30 BC-AD 268. IEΡA CYNKΛHTOC, veiled head of the Senate right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Hekate Triformis standing front, holding two torches, whip, and daggers, hound and altar at foot left and right. Mionnet Supp. VII, 338; Hedevaar Museum 5392.TextImage
Mionnet Supp. VII 338 varMastaura, Lydia, AE 25mm. BOYΛH IEΡA, veiled and draped bust of Boule right. MACTAYΡITΩN, Hekate Triformis with three piloi, holding torches, knife, whip and serpent. Hound at foot on each side. Apparently unpublished. cf Mionnet Supp. VII, 338 (Senate obverse); BMC 18 (this reverse for Otacilia Severa).TextImage
Paris M3132Mastaura, Lydia, AE16, Autonomous. 0-100. 3.71 gr. Draped bust of Apollo right, upright branch before / MACTAYΡEITΩN, winged Eros standing right, holding bow in extended left hand. Paris M3132 otherwise unpublished.TextImage
Paris M3133Mastaura, Lydia, AE15, Autonomous. 30 BC - AD 276, 5.75 gr. Head of Asklepios right, upright serpent before head / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms. Paris M3133 otherwise unpublished.TextImage
Plankenhorn 1102Mastaura, Lydia, AE18, civic issue. 1st century BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / MAΣTAYΡ.., Apollo Tyrimnaeos on horseback riding right, holding bipennis; countermark: eight-rayed star. Plankenhorn (Naumann) 1102; Helios 4, 56; Aufhäuser 2, 114.TextImage
Plankenhorn 1103Mastaura, Lydia, AE15, civic issue, ca 100-1 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / MAΣTAY-ΡITΩN, Apollo Tyrimnaeos, naked but for chlamys, standing right, holding bipennis upright in extended right hand. Plankenhorn (Naumann) 1103; Aufhäuser 10, 233.TextImage
Plankenhorn 1104Mastaura, AE17, civic issue, AD 1-100. Laureate head of Zeus right / MACTAYΡITΩN across upper and lower fields, Nike walking left, holding wreath and palm branch. Plankenhorn (Naumann) 1104.TextImage
Plankenhorn 1106Mastaura, AE13, civic issue, AD 1-100. Laureate head of Zeus right / MACTAYΡITΩN, bunch of grapes. Plankenhorn (Naumann) 1106.TextImage
SNG Fitz 4866Mastaura, Lydia, AE, semi-autonomous, ca. 3rd cent AD. 3.65g. MACTAYΡA, turreted and draped bust of Nymph Mastaura right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Cypress tree and burning, garlanded altar. SNG Fitzwilliam 4866; Imhoof 151; Mionnet 453.TextImage
Waddington 5087Mastaura, Lydia, AE15 mm. Autonomous. AD 1-100. 2.56 gr. Thyrsos, bound with taenia, within ivy wreath / MAΣTAYΡEITΩN (from lower centre, anti-clockwise), cornucopiae containing corn-ears and grapes, bound with taenia. Waddington 5087; Paris 727.TextImage
Waddington 5088Mastaura, Lydia, AE16, Autonomous. 0-100. 3.48 gr. Bearded head of Herakles right / MACTAY, cornucopiae. Waddington 5088; Paris 729.TextImage
Waddington 5089Mastaura, Lydia, AE21. Autonomous. 30 BC - AD 276, 6.90 gr. Head of Asklepios left, upright serpent before head / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre. Waddington 5089; Paris 730.TextImage
TIBERIUS
RPC 2673Tiberius and Livia, AE Assaria of Mastaura, Lydia. 14-37 AD. Magistrate Athenagoras, Sohn des Chairenos. ΣEBAΣTOYΣ MAΣTAYΡITAI, laureate, draped bust of Tiberius right, facing draped bust of Livia left / AΘHNAΓOΡAΣ XAIΡEOY O EΠIMEΛHTHΣ TΩN ΠANTΩN, Heros Mastauros on horseback pacing right, holding bipennis over shoulder. RPC 2673; BMC 5; SNG Munich 320; SNG von Aulock 3024; Mionnet Supp. VII, 339.TextImage
NERO
RPC 2675Nero, AE18 of Mastaura, Lydia, as Caesar. 51-54. NEΡΩN KAIΣAΡ, bare head right / MAΣTAYΡEITΩN, Hekate standing left, crescent on shoulders, holding patera and torch. RPC I 2675; BMC 7; Paris 731; Waddington 5090.TextImage
RPC 2676Nero, AE14 of Mastaura, Lydia. 2.29 gr. AD 51-54. NEΡΩN KAIΣAΡ, bare head right / MAΣTAYΡEITΩN around, filleted cornucopiae containing corn and grapes. RPC I 2676; BMC 8; Imhoof LS 4. Righetti Coll. Sale 791.TextImage
RPC 2677Nero, AE16 of Mastaura, Lydia, AD 54-68. NEΡΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right / MAΣTAYΡEITON, Hekate standing left, holding patera and short torch. RPC I 2677; Imhoof KM 1; SNG von Aulock 3025.TextImage
RPC 2678Nero, AE15 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 54-68. NEΡΩN CEBACTOC, bare head right / MA CT-AYΡ EI-TΩ N across fields, filleted cornucopiae containing corn-ears and grapes. RPC I 2678; BMC 9; Imhoof LS 5.TextImage
HADRIAN
Waddington 5091Hadrian, AE23 of Mastaura, Lydia. 117-138. 7.38 gr. AV.. AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and sceptre. Waddington 5091; Paris 732.TextImage
ANTONINUS PIUS
Mionnet IV, 461Antoninus Pius, AE32 of Mastaura, Lydia. 138-161. 15.91 gr. AY KAI AΔΡIAN ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre. Mionnet IV, 461; Paris 734.TextImage
MARCUS AURELIUS
Paris M5985Marcus Aurelius, AE25 of Mastaura, Lydia. Marcus Aurelius as Caesar. 138-161. 11.20 gr. M AYΡHΛIOC OYHΡOC KAICAΡ, bare head right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding poppy and corn-ears in right hand and sceptre in left. Paris M5985.TextImage
COMMODUS
Mabbott 1816Commodus, AE18 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 177-192. Λ AYΡH KOMOΔOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Athena standing left, holding patera and spear, shield at her side. Mabbott 1816; Prowe 1497; Vienna 32266.TextImage
CARACALLA
Mionnet IV, 463Caracalla AE24 of Mastaura, Lydia. 198-217. AYΡ ANTΩNEIN, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Demeter standing left, holding upright corn-ears and sceptre. Mionnet IV, 463; Paris 737.TextImage
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
Mionnet IV, 465Severus Alexander, AE21 of Mastaura, Lydia. 222-235. CEYH AΛEXANΔΡOC CEB, laureate head right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, humped bull standing right. BMC 12; Mionnet IV, 465 corr (obv. legend); SNG Munich 322; Waddington 5092; Paris 738..TextImage
MAXIMINUS I
Mionnet IV, 467Maximinus I, AE35 of Mastaura, Lydia. 235-238. Magistrate Me. Cl. Hippodamianos. 22.50 gr. AYT K Γ IOYH MAΞIMEINOC, laureate, draped bust right / EΠI ME KΛ IΠΠOΔAMIANOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Leto running left, looking back, holding Artemis on her right arm and Apollo on her left. Mionnet IV, 467; Mionnet Supp. VII, 343; Paris 739.TextImage
Mionnet IV, 469Maximinus I, AE26 of Mastaura, Lydia. 235-238. 6.22 gr. AYT K Γ I OYH MAΞIMEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Herakles standing front, looking left, holding apple and lionskin in left hand and resting right hand on club. Mionnet IV, 469; Paris 741; Waddington 5093; Scholz Inedit. 132 in NZ 1910.TextImage
Mionnet IV, 471 corr.Maximinus I, AE35 of Mastaura, Lydia. 235-238. Magistrate Cl. Hippodamianos. 19.52 gr. AY KAI Γ IOYH MAXIMEINOC AYΓ, laureate, draped bust right / EΠI ME KΛ IΠΠOΔAMIANOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms, facing Asklepios, standing left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. Mionnet IV, 471 corr. (magistrate's name); Paris 740. (SNG Righetti 1045 var: IOY instead of IOYH).TextImage
MAXIMUS
BMC 16Maximus, AE15 of Mastaura, Lydia. 235-238. MAΞIMOC, laureate, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Apollo Sozon, naked, standing left by column, holding branch in lowered right hand and resting left hand on lyre placed on the column; bow and quiver in right field. BMC 16; Waddington 5095; Paris 743.TextImage
Waddington 5094Maximus, AE30 of Mastaura, Lydia. Maximus. 235-238. Magistrate Cl. Menandros. 11.19 gr. Γ I OYH MAΞIMOC KAICAΡ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / EΠI ΓΡ KΛ MENANΔΡOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Kybele seated left, holding patera and resting left arm on drum, two lions at her feet. Waddington 5094; Paris 742; SNG Turkey 7, 390.TextImage
GORDIAN III
Imhoof KM 2Gordian III, AE29 of Mastaura, Lydia. 238-244. Magistrate Cl. Hippodamianos. AYT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC, laureate, draped bust right / EΠI ΓΡ KΛ IΠΠOΔAMIANOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Dionysos standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos, resting left arm on a column, panther at foot left. Imhoof KM 2; Paris 744. (BMC 17 var: bunch of grapes, not kantharos).TextImage
Imhoof LS 7Gordian III, AE31, 12.24g of Mastaura, Lydia. AVT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / EΠ Γ KΛ IΠΠOΔAMIANOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Athena standing, head left, holding patera and sceptre. Imhoof Lydische Stadtmünzen 7; SNG Fitzwilliam 4867; Leake 12; RPC VII 434.TextImage
Mionnet IV, 473Gordian III, AE21 of Mastaura, Lydia. 238-244. AYT K ΓOΡΔIANOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, humped bull standing right. SNG Cop 280; McClean 8679; Mionnet IV, 473; Waddington 5096; Paris 745; RPC VII 438.TextImage
RPC VII 436Gordian III AE18 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 238-244. 3.1 gr. AYT ΓOΡΔIANOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Dionysos standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos, resting left arm on a column, panther at foot left. RPC VII 436 corr (obv. legend); Imhoof KM 2 var (legends).TextImage
TRANQUILLINA
Mionnet IV, 474Tranquillina AE 37 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 238-244. 20.80 gr. CABINIA TΡANKYΛΛINA CEBACTH, draped bust right / EΠI ...ARX... MACTAY..., female deity standing left with left hand raised to her head. Mionnet IV, 474; Paris 746.TextImage
JULIA SOAEMIAS
BMC 18 varJulia Soaemias AE20 of Lydia, Mastaura. IOY COVAMIAC, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, three-bodied Hekate holding torches and various other attributes. BMC 18 var (empress). TextImage
OTACILIA SEVERA
SNG vA 3026Otacilia Severa, AE25 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 244-249. ΩTA CEBHΡA CEBA, draped bust right on crescent / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae. SNG von Aulock 3026; Paris 749.TextImage
Waddington 5097Otacilia Severa, AE29 of Mastaura, Lydia. 244-249. Magistrate Me. Apolinarios. M ΩTAKEI CEBHΡA, draped bust right, wearing stephane / EΠI M AΠOΛINAΡIOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Dionysos standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos, panther at foot left, Pan dancing behind him. Waddington 5097; Paris 747.TextImage
Waddington 5098Otacilia Severa, AE30 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 244-249. Magistrate M. Apolinarios. 8.35 gr. M ΩTAKEI CEBHΡA, draped bust right, wearing stephane / EΠI M AΠOΛINAΡIOY MACTAYΡEITΩN, Selene or Artemis, crescent on shoulders, holding torch in each hand, driving a biga of humped bulls right. Waddington 5098; Paris 748; SNG von Aulock 3027; SNG Cop 281; Imhoof MG 19.TextImage
PHILIP II
BMC 19Philip II AE 20 of Lydia, Mastaura. M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAΡ, bare-headed, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Leto advancing l holding infants Apollo and Artemis. BMC 19; Weber 6850; Mionnet 476. TextImage
Mionnet IV, 475Philip II AE22 of Mastaura, Lydia. 244-247. 4.55 gr. IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAIC, bare-headed, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, humped bull standing right. SNG Cop 283; Waddington 5100; Mionnet IV, 475; Paris 750.TextImage
Mionnet IV, 476Philip II AE22 of Mastaura, Lydia. 244-247. IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAIC, bare-headed, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Leto running left, looking back, holding Artemis on her right arm and Apollo on her left. Mionnet IV, 476; Paris 751.TextImage
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
Drewry 176Herennius Etruscus. AE 23 of Mastaura, Lydia. AD 249-251. 7.12 g. AY Γ M K EΡ ETΡOY ΔEKIOC KAICAΡ, bare-headed, draped bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, triple-bodied Hekate holding torches and various other attributes. Drewry Coll Sale 176.TextImage
VALERIAN II
Mionnet IV, 478Valerian II, AE35 of Mastaura, Lydia. 255-258. 18.63 gr. OYAΛEΡIANOC KAICAΡ, bare-headed, draped, youthful bust right / MACTAYΡEITΩN, Herakles standing front, looking left, resting on club with his right hand, holding apple and lionskin in left. Mionnet IV, 478; Paris 752.TextImage
See also: Entry for Mastaura on the Digital Historia Numorum
Search for Mastaura in the British SNG Volumes' Database at the Fitzwilliam Museum
Search for Mastaura at AsiaMinorCoins.com
Search for Mastaura in the ANS Database

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