Ancient Coinage of Caria, Alinda



Alinda, on a hilltop above modern-day Karpuzlu, western Turkey, struck coins from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD. The remains of the city include a necropolis of Carian tombs, a Roman aquaduct, a nearly-intact market place, a 5,000-seat Roman amphitheatre, and numerous temples.
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CITY AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 1Alinda, Caria, AE17mm. 4.64 gr. 2nd cent. BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin / AΛINΔEΩN to right and left of club with lionskin draped over it, all within oak wreath. BMC 1; SNG Cop. 17.TextImage
BMC 8Alinda, Caria. AE19, 4.58 gr. 145-130 BC. Youthful laureate male head right / AΛINΔEΩN above and beneath winged thunderbolt, all within laurel wreath. BMC 8; Mionnet Supp. VI, 46.TextImage
CNG 64, 283Alinda, Caria. ca 2nd Century BC. AE11, 1.68 gm. Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress / AΛI, gorytos with arrows and bow, club below, all within dotted border. Unpublished. CNG 64, 283.TextImage
SNG Cop 21Alinda, Caria. AE 9 mm, civic issue. 200-100 BC. 0.83 g. Bearded male head right. / AΛINΔEΩN, bipennis. SNG Cop 21-22; Mionnet III, 46.TextImage
SNG Fitz 4666 varAlinda, Caria, 2nd century BC. AE16. Laureate, young male head right / AΛINΔEΩN ANΔΡOXOΣ, Club within oak wreath. SNG Lewis 964 var (magistrate); Imhoof KM 2-3 var (ditto); SNG Fitz. 4666 var (ditto). Lowen B2154.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Karl 393Septimius Severus AE39 of Alinda, Caria. (AY KAI Λ CE CEVHΠHΡOC ΠEΡT C CE), laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / (EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛ BOYΛH) AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles and the horses of Diomedes: Herakles naked, standing right, resting right foot on a horse on ground, raising club towards another horse rearing up before him. Karl 393 (Lanz 102, Karl Carian coll. sale)Unpublished.TextImage
Karl 706Septimius Severus AE37 of Alinda, Caria. AD 193-211. Magistrate Cor. Menippos. 29.60 g. AY KAI Λ CE CEYHΡHΡOC ΠEΡT CSE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN.., Herakles standing right, wielding club with right hand, about the strike the rearing horse of Diomedes, a second horse lies slain on the ground below. Counterstamp of youthful male head right. (Howgego 78-79). Karl 706 (Lanz 102, Karl Carian coll. sale); Kurth, Herakles 490.TextImage
Milne(1938) 2Septimius Severus and Caracalla, AE39 of Alinda, Caria. 208-211 AD. AVT K Λ CEΠ CEOYHΡOC KAI M AYΡ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, cuirassed bust of Sept. Severus right, facing draped bust of Caracalla left / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN ACYΛO MENOC HΡAKΛNΔOC E I (partially retrograde), Herakles, naked, standing front, head right, holding club and lionskin, shaking hands with Septimius Severus, standing front, head left, in military dress, holding spear; altar between them. Milne (NC 1938) p. 255, 2.TextImage
SNG vA 2408Septimius Severus, AE33 of Alinda, Caria. 26,96g. AVT K Λ CE CEYHΡOC ΠEΡTIN(AX), laureate head right / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion. SNG von Aulock 2408; Franke KZR 294.TextImage
SNGvA 2409 Septimius Severus AE37. Alinda, Caria, AYT KAI Λ CE CEYHΡOC.., Laureate, draped bust right. / AΛINΔEΩN EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AM, Herakles standing facing, head right, resting hand on club and picking apple from serpent-entwined tree. SNG von Aulock 2409 and 8053; Franke KZR 296.TextImage
SNG vA 2411Septimius Severus, AE medallion of Alinda, Caria, Alliance with Antioch. 193-211. 32.83 g. AY KAI Λ CE CEYHΡHΡOC ΠEΡ OC CE, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, countermark of head right, I before (Howgego 78) / EΠI AΡ KOΡ MENIΠΠOY AΛINΔEΩN ... KAI ANTIOXEΩN VNIΦEC, Severus standing left, placing right hand on a trophy between two seated captives; behind him Herakles standing left, holding club and lionskin, crowning him with wreath. SNG von Aulock 2411.TextImage
CARACALLA
BMC 17Caracalla, AE36 of Alinda, Caria. AD 198-217, struck ca. AD 202-203. 22.18 g. AY K M AYΡ ANTΩNINOC N Θ H ΠΛAYTIΛ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, facing draped bust of Plautilla left, wearing stephane. / AΡX M OYΛ OYΛIAΔOY ΛEONTOC AΛINΔEΩN, Apollo standing front, looking left, holding plectrum and lyre. BMC 17; SNG vA 2412-2413; Imhoof KM 7; Karl 79; SNG München 55; Mionnet III, 50; Waddington 2137; SNG Cop 26; Rhousopoulos 3858.TextImage
PLAUTILLA
BMC 19Plautilla, AE28 of Alinda, Caria. AD 202-205. Magistrate M. Julius, son of Juliados. 11.66 g. NEA ΘEA HΡA ΠΛAYTIΛΛA, draped bust right. / AΡX M OYΛ OYΛIAΔOY AΛINΔEΩN, Herakles standing front, looking right, holding club and lionskin, a small Nike standing right on his shoulder, crowning him with a wreath. BMC 19; SNG Post 263.TextImage

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