Ancient Coinage of Arcadia, Phialea-Phigaleia



Phialea-Phigaleia was situated on the mountainous south-west border of Arcadia, near Messenia. Close by was the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae, whose marbles were stripped by 19th century explorers and sold to museums and private collectors in Europe.In Phigalia itself was a cave with a wooden statue of the "Black Demeter" sitting on a rock. She had the head of a horse surrounded by serpents.
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CIVIC AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
Warren 684Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia as part of the Achaian League. ca 191-146 BC. AE19 Tetrachalkon, 4.45 gr. KΛEOΔI-KOΣ across fields, Zeus standing left, holding wreath-bearing Nike and sceptre / ACAIΩN ΦIΓAΛEΩN, Female figure of Achaia seated left, holding wreath and sceptre. BMC 169; Warren, Bronze 684 (this coin); Mionnet Supp. IV, 83; BCD 1642.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
BCD 1644Septimius Severus, AE21 of Phigaleia, Arkadia. AD 198-209. ..CEYHΡOC C, laureate head right / ΦIΓAΛEΩN, Dionysos wearing short chiton, standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos. BCD 1644-1645; Pausanias 3.TextImage
Mionnet II, 56Septimius Severus, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 4.57 gr. ΛOY CEΠ CEOYHΡOC Π, laureate head right / ΦIΛAEΩN, Asklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. Mionnet II, 56; Paris 392; BCD 1647.2; Gress 905.TextImage
JULIA DOMNA
BMC 1Julia Domna, AE21 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. 4.13 gr. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CEBA, draped bust right / ΦIAΛEΩN, Athena standing facing, leaning on spear; Demeter standing left beside her, extending her hands to Athena; altar to right. BMC 1; Gress 911; BCD 1651 var (obv legend).TextImage
BCD 1650Julia Domna, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CEB (M engraved as a V), draped bust right / ΦIAΛEΩN, terminal figure (herm) of Hermes facing, holding caduceus in right hand, left hand under the clothes at his chest. BCD 1650; Gress 927.TextImage
CARACALLA
BCD 1656.1Caracalla, AE19 of Phigaleia, Achaia, Peloponnesos. AE assarion. M AΡ AVΡ ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΦIΓAΛEΩN, Athena standing left, holding patera and spear. BCD Peloponnesus 1656.1 (this coin); Gress 913. BMC -; SNG Cop -; Mionnet -; Imhoof -.TextImage
Nassif FAC 97194Caracalla, AE21 of Phialia-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 3.65 gr. MAΡ AVΡ AN-TΩNINOC, youthful, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / ΦIΛAEΩN, Apollo standing left, holding branch in lowered right hand and resting left elbow on column. Unpublished. Nassif FAC 97194; BCD -; Gress -.TextImage
PLAUTILLA
BCD 1657Plautilla, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 202-205. ΠΛAYTIΛΛA CEBACTH, draped bust right / ΦIAΛEΩN, Plautilla standing right clasping hands with Caracalla, standing left. BCD Peloponnesos 1657; Gress 931.TextImage
GETA
BCD 1660Geta, AE20 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 4.54 gr. ΛOY CEΠ ΓETAN KAI CEB, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / ΦIΛAEΩN, Asklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. BCD 1660; Paris 399; Gress 908.TextImage
CNG 106, 107Geta, AE21 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. ΛOY CEΠ ΓETAC K, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / ΦIAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, holding torch and corn-ears. Poss. unpublished. CNG 106, lot 107. Not in BCD or Gress.TextImage

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