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Ancient Coinage of Arcadia, Phialea-Phigaleia



Phialea-Phigaleia was situated on the mountainous south-west border of Arcadia, near Messenia. Close by was the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae, whose marbles were stripped by 19th century explorers and sold to museums and private collectors in Europe.In Phigalia itself was a cave with a wooden statue of the "Black Demeter" sitting on a rock. She had the head of a horse surrounded by serpents.
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CIVIC AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
Warren 684Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia as part of the Achaian League. ca 191-146 BC. AE19 Tetrachalkon, 4.45 gr. KLEODI-KOS across fields, Zeus standing left, holding wreath-bearing Nike and sceptre / ACAIWN FIGALEWN, Female figure of Achaia seated left, holding wreath and sceptre. BMC 169; Warren, Bronze 684 (this coin); Mionnet Supp. IV, 83; BCD 1642.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Mionnet II, 56Septimius Severus, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 4.57 gr. LOU CEP CEOYHPOC P, laureate head right / FILAEWN, Asklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. Mionnet II, 56; Paris 392; BCD -.TextImage
JULIA DOMNA
BMC 1Julia Domna, AE21 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. 4.13 gr. IOULIA DOMNA CEBA, draped bust right / FILALEWN, Athena standing facing, leaning on spear; Demeter standing left beside her, extending her hands to Athena; altar to right. BMC 1; BCD 1651.TextImage
BCD 1650Julia Domna, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. IOVLIA DOMNA CEB (M engraved as a V), draped bust right / FIALEWN, terminal figure (herm) of Hermes facing, holding caduceus in right hand, left hand under the clothes at his chest. BCD 1650 (LHS sale).TextImage
CARACALLA
BCD 1656.1Caracalla, AE19 of Phigaleia, Achaia, Peloponnesos. AE assarion. M AR AVR ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / FIGALEWN, Athena standing left, holding patera and spear. BCD Peloponnesus 1656.1 (this coin). BMC -; SNG Cop -; Mionnet -; Imhoof -.TextImage
Nassif FAC 97194Caracalla, AE21 of Phialia-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 3.65 gr. MAR AVR AN-TWNINOC, youthful, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / FILA-EWN, Apollo standing left, holding branch in lowered right hand and resting left elbow on column. Unpublished. Nassif FAC 97194.TextImage
PLAUTILLA
BCD 1657Plautilla, AE22 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 202-205. PLAUTILLA CEBACTH, draped bust right / FIALEWN, Plautilla standing right clasping hands with Caracalla, standing left. BCD Peloponnesos 1657, otherwise unpublished.TextImage
GETA
BCD 1660Geta, AE20 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. 4.54 gr. LOY CEP GETAN KAI CEB, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FILAEWN, Asklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. BCD 1660; Paris 399.TextImage
CNG 106, 107Geta, AE21 of Phialea-Phigaleia, Arcadia. AD 198-209. LOU CEP GETAC K, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FIALEWN, Demeter standing left, holding torch and corn-ears. Poss. unpublished. CNG 106, lot 107.TextImage

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