Ancient Coinage of Arcadia, Orchomenus



Coinage from this town is rare. Early civic coinage used the legend EΡXOMENIΩN or the abbreviation EΡ, whilst the Severans (the only provincial coins struck here) used ΡXOMENIΩN.
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CIVIC AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BCD Pelop. 1582Orchomenus, Arkadia, AE11 civic issue, 370-300 BC. 1.87 g. Helmeted, head right of Athena or an unbearded local hero, wearing crested Corinthian helmet / EΡ within wreath. BCD Pelop. 1582.TextImage
BCD Pelop. 1583Orchomenos, Arkadia, AE17. 196-146 BC. 1.55 g. Zeus, naked, standing left, holding eagle (or Nike?) and sceptre. / OΡXOMENIΩN, Kallisto, Achaia or Artemis seated left, holding wreath and sceptre. BCD Pelop. 1583.TextImage
BMC 3Orchomenus, Arkadia, AE civic issue, 370-300 BC. 3.76 g. Helmeted, bearded head right of local hero, wearing crested Corinthian helmet / EΡ, Artemis standing right, firing an arrow from her bow, square C in lower right field. BMC 3-4; Paris A2997; BCD Pelop. 1577-1579.TextImage
BMC 5Orchomenos, Arkadia, AE18. 300-250 BC. 3.95 g. Head of Artemis or Kallisto right, hair in a sphendone. / E-Ρ, hero, naked, wearing Corinthian helmet, standing right, holding spear, shield on left arm. BMC 5; Traité II-3, 945; Imhoof MG 250.TextImage
Imhoof MG 246Orchomenus, Arkadia, AE20 Dichalkon civic issue. 360-340 BC. 6.17 g. Artemis half-kneeling right, quiver at shoulder, holding bow in left hand, right arm at her side / EΡXOMENIΩN, Kallisto seated left on rock, shot by an arrow in her breast; the infant Arkas lying on his back at her side. Imhoof, MG 246-247; SNG Cop 266; Traité III 940; BCD Pelop. 1573.TextImage
Rhousopoulos 2842Orchomenos, Arkadia, AE12. 300-250 BC. 1.55 g. Helmeted head of Athena or beardless hero right. / EΡ, Kallisto or Artemis seated right on throne, holding amphora (or parazonium) and resting her left hand on her knee. Rhousopoulos 2842; Pausanias 1c; BCD Pelop. 1581.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
BMC 6Septimius Severus, AE22 of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-211. 4.76 g. ΛOY CEΠ CEOYHΡOC ΠE, laureate head right / OΡXOMENIΩN, Asklepios standing front, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. BMC 6; BCD Peloponnesos 1586; Mionnet II, 48; Paris 364; Gress 821.TextImage
Mionnet II, 47 varSeptimius Severus, AE22 of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-211. 4.76 g. ΛOY CEΠT CEOYHΡOC ΠEΡT, laureate head right / OΡXOMENIΩN, Dionysus standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos; panther at foot left. Mionnet II, 47 var.; SNG Copenhagen 268 var. (Dionysus' attributes); BCD Peloponnesos –.TextImage
Mionnet II, 49Septimius Severus, AE22 of Orchomenus, Arkadia. 4.55 g. ΛCEΠ CEYHΡOC, laureate head right / OΡXOMENIΩN, two satyrs, one standing half-left, the other facing, each holding a bunch of grapes, the one on the right also holding an amphora on his shoulder. Mionnet II, 49: Paris 365; BMC 8; Gress 833.TextImage
Mionnet Supp IV, 65Septimius Severus, AE22 of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-211. 4.29 g. ΛOY CEΠ CEOYHΡOC ΠE or similar, laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back / OΡXOMENIΩN, Artemis standing right, holding bow and reaching for an arrow from a quiver at her shoulder, hound at foot right. Mionnet Supp IV, 65; Righetti 495; Gress 819.TextImage
JULIA DOMNA
BCD Pelop. 1587Julia Domna, AE22 Assaria of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-217. 5.46 g. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA, draped bust right / OΡXOMENIΩN, Tyche standing left, polos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae. BCD Peloponnesos 1587; Gress 837.TextImage
Mionnet Supp. IV, 69Julia Domna, AE22 Assaria of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-217. 4.54 g. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA, draped bust right / OΡXOMENIΩN, Aphrodite standing facing, looking right, holding apple and resting right hand on low column. Mionnet Supp. IV, 69; BCD Peloponnesos 1589.3; Gress 814.TextImage
Mionnet Supp IV, 71Julia Domna, AE22 Assaria of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 193-217. 5.04 g. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA, draped bust left / OΡXOMENIΩN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Mionnet Supp. IV, 71 (this coin); Paris 367.TextImage
CARACALLA
-Only one type known, with Artemis holding two torches (BCD 1589.4; Gress 816). Anyone got one ?
GETA
BCD Pelop. 1588,5Geta, AE22 1 Assaria of Orchomenus, Arkadia. AD 198-209. 6.10 g. Unclear legend, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right / OΡXOMENIΩN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. BCD Peloponnesos 1588.5; Gress 839; Burstein 456, otherwise unpublished.TextImage

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