The Ancient Coinage of Mesembria

Listed by Moushmov Number

Including additional items for this online edition, with numbers in italics.

See also Wildwinds Mesembria page for numerous coins of Mesembria not linked to this page.

MESEMBRIA (Thrace) on the Black Sea (450–350 BC.)

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Autonomous coins.

- Silver.
3974 Helmet facing. Rev. : META between the spokes of a wheel. 10 mm. Plate XXIV 9.
Messembria, Thrace, AR Hemiobol. 450-350 BC. Facing helmet / wheel, M-E-T-A in spaces between spokes.
3975Same obverse and reverse, but a tetradrachm. AR 30–32 mm.
3976 Helmeted head of Athena left. Rev. : Concave square divided into 4 sections, M E T A in the sections. 12 mm. Plate XXIV 11.
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- Bronze.
3977Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet. Rev. : META between the spokes of a wheel. Plate XXIV 17.
Mesembria, Thrace, AE10. Head of Athena in crested helmet right / M E T A between spokes of wheel.
3978 Diademed female head right. Rev. : METAMBPIANΩN. Athena, helmeted, standing, with right hand hurling spear, holding shield in left hand; sometimes shield in the field. Plate XXIV 13 and 15.
Mesembria, Thrace, AE10. Head of Athena in crested helmet right / M E T A between spokes of wheel.
3979 Helmet facing. Rev. : METAMBPIANΩN. Shield.
3980 Helmet facing. Rev. : META between the spokes of a wheel. Plate XXIV 14 and 16.
Mesembria, Thrace, AE10. Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet / M E T A between spokes of wheel.
3981 Helmet facing. Rev. : META between the spokes of a wheel.
3982 Head of Apollo left, hair bound in a taenia. Rev. : METAMBPIANΩN. Man in toga standing, looking right.
3983 Woman’s head right, wearing ivy-wreath, (two other heads in field from a later overstrike. Rev. : MEΣAMBPIANΩN. Unbearded head.
3984 Helmet right. Rev. : METAMBPIANΩN. Wheel with 4 spokes. Plate XXIV 12.
Thrace, Messembria. Ca. 300-250 B.C. AE 20. Helmet right / METAM-BRIANWN, wheel. SNG BM Black Sea 276 var.; SNG Stancomb 229-30.
3985 Female head right, hair bound in a taenia. Rev. : Lines instead of legend. Athena helmeted, standing left, holding arrow and shield. (Barbaric imitation).
3986 Veiled (and turreted) head of Demeter right. Rev. : MEΣA to left and right of a grain of corn, all within wreath of corn-ears. Plate XXIV 19.
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ALEXANDER III (336 – 323 BC.)

3987 Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin. Rev. : BAΣΙΛΖΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΜΕΣΑΜΒΡΙΑ or ΜΕΣΑΜ. – BAΣΙΛΖΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Zeus seated left on throne, holding in eagle and sceptre, helmet to left, monograms to left and/or beneath the throne; sometimes with letters: ΠΡΟ ΗΡΑ. – ΔΑ. – ΕΥΦΑ. – ΔΑ ΠΡΟ. – IONIA. – ΔΑ ΔΙ. – IΔΝ. – KO MA. ΔΙΟ MA. – EΠΙ. 27 – 36 mm. Plate XXIV 10.
Mesembria, Thrace, AR Tetradrachm. 125-65 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin / Zeus enthroned 1eft, holding eagle and sceptre.
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Imperial bronze coins.

In addition to the coins in Moushmov, Varbanov lists coins for Augustus:

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AUGUSTUS (27 BC - 14 AD)

4141-4142No legend, bare head right / MESAMBRIANWN, Apollo in long dress standing facing, holding lyre set on column. (4142 has two countermarks on the obverse)
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AUGUSTUS AND RHOEMETALKES I (27 BC - 14 AD)

4143KAISAROS SEBASTOU, bare head right / MESAMBRIANWN, bare head of Rhoemetalked right.
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HADRIAN (117 – 138 A.D.)

3988 AYT KAI TPA AΔPIANOC ΔIC CEB. His head. Rev. : MECAMBRIANWN. Dionysos seated left, holding cup and thyrsos. Varbanov 4145.
Varbanov 4144Rev. : Apollo Musegetes standing left, holding plectron and resting on lyre set on column.
Varbanov 4146Rev. : Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
Varbanov 4147Rev. : Diademed, draped bust of Trajan right, holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
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Septimius Severus (193 – 211 A.D.)

Obv: AY K Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC. His head or bust.
Rev: MECAMBPIANΩN.
3989 Apollo in front of burning altar, sacrificing; with left hand resting on lyre set on half-pillar, and his dress is hanging on that hand. Varbanov 4148. (No altar: Varbanov 4149).Plate VI 1.
3990 Zeus standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre. Varbanov 4153 and 4155. Plate VIII 17.
3991 Zeus naked, seated left, holding patera and sceptre. Varbanov 4154. Plate VIII 21.
Varbanov 4150Rev. : Cybele seated left.
Varbanov 4151Rev. : Demeter standing left.
Varbanov 4152Rev. : Two Korybanti standing, holding spears and shields.
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CARACALLA (198 – 217 A.D.)

Obv: AY K M AYP ANTΩNINOC.
- AYT M AY ANTΩNINOC. – His head or bust.
Rev. : MECAMBPIANΩN.
3992 Apollo in women’s clothes standing left, holding branch in right hand and resting on lyre set on column. Varbanov 4160 (holding plectron and lyre: Varbanov 4156).Plate VI 19.
Caracalla AE27 of Mesembria, Thrace. AV K M AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / MECAMBRIANWN, Apollo Musagetes, in long garment & laureate, standing front, head left, leaning on lyra set on column, holding in right hand plektron. BMC 13, Varbanov 4156, SGI 2483.
3993 Zeus seated left on throne. Varb. 4158Plate VIII 21.
Varbanov 4159Rev. : Two Korybanti standing, holding spears and shields.
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GETA (209-212 AD)

Varbanov 4161-4168Varbanov lists the following types for Geta: : Apollo standing left, by altar; ditto without altar; bunch of grapes; crescent and stars, dolphin entwined around trident; emperor standing; Herakles standing; Hermes standing.
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Gordian III (238 – 244 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ.
- AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC. His head or bust.
Rev: MECAMBPIANΩN. – EΦECIΩN KAI MECAMBPEΩN (sic ) OMONOIA.
3994 Artemis standing next to a tree, right hand raised, holding bow in left hand bow; stag at her side; facing her is Serapis, standing, kalathos on his head, right hand raised and holding sceptre in left.
3995 Athena standing, holding shield and spear. Plate VI 33.
3996 Athena standing, with right hand on helmet, holding spear.
3997 Demeter, veiled, standing left, holding corn-ears and torch. Plate VII 23.
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Gordian & Tranquillina

Obv: AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔINNOC AYΓ CAB TPANKIΛΛEINA.
- AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ CEB TPANKYΛΛEINA CE.
- AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ CAB TPANKYΛΛINA. – Their busts face to face.
Rev. : MECAMBPIANΩN.
3998 Apollo in long robe, standing left, holding plectrum (resembles a patera) in outstretched right hand and resting left on lyre set on column. Varbanov 4175-4176.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE25 (5 Assaria) of Mesembria, Thrace. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TPANKVLLINA, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian to left, facing diademed & draped bust of Tranquillina to right / MECAMBRIANWN, Apollo standing left, holding branch and lyre set on column to right. TextFull Size
Varb. 4177-4179 Apollo in woman’s clothes, standing left, holding plectrum (resembles a patera) in right hand and lyre set on tripod with left.
3999 Apollo in woman’s clothes, standing left, holding laurel branch and lyre set on tripod.
4000 Aesklepios half-naked, resting on serpent-entwined staff. Plate VI 25.
4001 Athena, helmeted, standing, holding spear and shield. Plate VI 33.
Mesembria. Gordian III & Tranquillina AE25 (5 Assaria). AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TPANKVLLINA, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian to left, facing diademed & draped bust of Tranquillina to right / MECAMBRIANWN, Athena standing left, holding spear & resting hand on shield.
4002 Bonus-Eventus standing left, holding patera and branch. Plate VI 9.
4003 Homonoia standing, holding patera and cornucopiae. Plate IX 6.
4003AKourites performing Pyrrhic dance with shields & swords.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE Pentassarion of Mesembria, Thrace. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TRANKULLINA, confronted draped busts of Gordian & Tranquillina / MECAMBRIANWN, two Kouretes performing Pyrrhic dance, holding shields above their helmeted heads, and short swords.
4004 Nemesis standing left, holding scales and parazonium; wheel at foot.
4005 Nemesis standing, holding arshin and sling; wheel at foot. Plate IX 23.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE26 Pentassarion of Mesembria, Thrace. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TPANKVLLINA, confronted draped busts of Gordian & Tranquillina / MECAMBRIANWN, Nemesis standing left, holding rod & bridle, wheel at foot.
4006 Nemesis-Aequitas standing left, holding arshin and cornucopiae; wheel at foot. Plate IX 26.
4007 Serapis advancing left, right hand raised, holding transverse sceptre in left. Plate X 13.
4008 Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Plate X 29.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE26 of Mesembria, Thrace. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust rt., facing the diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left / MECAMBRIANWN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Mabbot 473.
4009 Hermes, wearing petasos, holding purse and caduceus. Plate XI 2.
4010 Woman standing left, in right hand holding patera and owl (?) in left hand.
4010A
Varbanov 4203-4204
Hygeia standing right feeding serpent from patera.
Gordian III & Tranquillina, AE27 of Mesembra, Thrace. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, TRANKULINA below, draped busts face-to-face / MECAMBRIANWN, Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
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Philip & Otacilia Severa

Obv: AYT M IOYΛ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC M WT CEYHPA CEB.
- AYT M IOYΛ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC AYΓ M WTAKIΛIA CEB. Their heads or busts face to face.
Rev: MECAMBPIANΩN.
- METAMBPIANΩN.
4011 Apollo in woman’s clothes, standing left, holding laurel branch and lyre set on column.
4012 Artemis standing, holding patera and branch; stag at her side.
4013Aesklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff. Plate VI 25.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE28 of Mesembria in Thrace. AYT M IOVL FILIPPOC M WT CEYHPA CEB, confronted, draped busts / MECAMBRIANWN, Aesklepios standing facing, looking left, resting on serpent-entwined staff.
4014 Asklepios advancing right, holding serpent-entwined staff.
4015 Athena, helmeted, standing, right hand raised, holding shield in left hand. Plate VI 32.
4016 Demeter standing left, holding patera and long torch.
4017 Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and long torch. Plate VII 23.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE25 of Mesembria, Thrace. AYT M IOVL FILIPPOC M WT CEYHPA CEB, confronted draped busts / MECAMBRIANWN, Demeter standing left, holding patera and long torch.
4018 Dionysos, naked standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos. Plate VIII 4.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE26 of Mesembria, Thrace. AVT M IOVL FILLIPOC AVG M OTA, KIL CEBHE-PA below, Vis-a-vis draped busts of emperor & empress / MECAMBRIANWN, Dionysos standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos.
4019 Aequitas-Nemesis-Dikaoisyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Plate VIII 10.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE29 of Mesembria, Thrace. AVT M IOVL FILLIPOC (M W)T CEVHPA CEB, Vis-a-vis draped busts of emperor & empress / MECAMBRIANWN, Dikaiosyne standing left with scales and cornucopiae.
4020 The emperor on horseback right, right hand raised.
4021 Homonoia, kalathos on head, standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. Plate IX 6.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE26 of Mesembria, Thrace. AYT M IOVL FILIPPOC M WT CEYHPA CEB, confronted draped busts / MECAMBRIANWN, Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
4022 Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing, holding arshin and other object (sling?); wheel at foot. Plate IX 22 26.
4023 Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing, holding bridle, left hand on her hip; her robe draped over her shoulder; wheel at foot.
4024 Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, wheel at feet. Plate VIII 10.
Philip I & Otacilia Severa AE27 of Mesembria, Thrace. Vis-a-vis busts of emperor & empress / MECAMBRIANWN, Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, wheel at feet. SNGCop 664.
4025 Serapis standing front, looking left, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left hand. Plate X 13.
4026 Hermes standing left, wearing boots, holding purse and caduceus. Plate XI 1.
4027 Hera standing left, holding patera and sceptre. Plate XI 21.
4028 Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms. Plate XI 9.
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Otacilia Severa (wife of Philip)

4029 M ΩΤΑΚΙΛ CЄBHPA CЄB. Her head. Rev. : MECAMBPIANΩN.
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Philip II & Serapis

Obv: MAP IOVLIOC FILLIPOC KAICAP.
- KAICAP MAP IOVLIOC FILLIPOC. Their busts face to face.
Rev. : MECAMBPIANΩN.
4030 Apollo in woman’s clothes, standing left, holding branch and lyre set on column. Plate VI 1.
4031 Athena, helmeted, advancing right, hurling spear and holding shield. Plate VI 32.
4032 Athena, helmeted, standing, holding shield and transverse spear. Plate VI 33.
Philip II & Serapis AE27 (5 Assaria) of Mesembria. M AP IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAICAP, draped & cuirassed bust of Philip, facing draped bust of Serapis / MECAMBRIANWN, Athena standing left with shield & spear.
4033 Athena, helmeted standing, holding owl on extended right hand, and shield and transverse spear in left.
4034 Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and torch. Plate VII 28.
Mesembria. Philip Jr & Serapis AE27 (5 Assaria). M AP IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAICAP, draped & cuirassed bust of Philip, facing bust of Serapis / MECAMBRIANWN, Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and long torch.
4035 Dionysos naked standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos. Plate VIII 4.
4036 Woman standing left, wearing turreted crown, holding branch and torch.
4037 Woman standing (Demeter?) holding patera by a tree-trunk around which a serpent is coiled (Note: this deity is usually Athena). Plate XXIV 18.
4038 The emperor on horseback right, right hand raised.
4039 Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. Plate IX 6.
Philip II AE 27mm of Mesembria, Thrace. M AP IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAICAP, bare head of Philip right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, in modius / MECAMBRIANWN, Concordia-Homonoia standing left, modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae. BMC 23, SNG Cop 668.
4040 Homonoia, kalathos on her head, standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. Plate IX 6.
4041 Serapis advancing right, head turned, holding sceptre.
4042 Serapis standing front, looking left, raising right hand, holding transverse sceptre in left hand. Plate X 13.
4043 Hera standing left, holding patera and sceptre. Plate XI 21.
4044 Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms. Plate XI 9.
Philip II & Serapis AE 26mm of Mesembria, Thrace. MAP IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAICAP, bare head of Philip right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, in modius / MECAMBRIANWN, Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent in arms. Mionnet 874.
Varbanov 4293Philip II and Serapis AE27 (Pentassaria). M AR IOU FILIPPOC - KAICA-P, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip, facing bust of Serapis wearing modius / MECAMBRIANWN, Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and sceptre, wheel at feet.
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See also WildWinds' Mesembria page

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