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The Ancient Coinage of Istros

Listed by Moushmov Number

Including additional items for this online edition, with numbers in italics.

See also WildWinds' Istros page with numerous example not yet linked to this page.
ISTRUS (near IV- III century BC) (town close to village called Kasapkioi, in Dobrudza)

Autonomous coins.

Silver.

NOTEFor an extensive catalogue of the sea-eagle on dolphin types, (and all other Istros coin types) see Behrend Pick: AMNG pp. 159ff (in German). Direct Download from archive.org or Behrend Pick: AMNG pp. 159ff (in German) from google books
137 Two male heads facing, one inverted. Rev. : IΣTPIH, or IΣTPIA. Sea eagle standing left or right, grasping a dolphin in its talons; often with a monogram or letter(s) below. Plate II 4.
Sear 1669. Istros, Thrace, AR Drachm. ca 400-350 BC. Two facing male heads, one inverted / ISTPIH, eagle standing left on dolphin, monogram below.
137A The same type but smaller.
Sear 1670. Istros, Thrace, AR Quarter Drachm. ca 400-350 BC. Two facing male heads, one inverted / ISTPIH, eagle left, grasping dolphin in its talons, monogram below. SNG Cop 20.
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Bronze.

138 Apollo seated, holding short spear, resting on a bow. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle pecking a dolphin; below APIΣTA.
139 Two young male heads. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin; sometimes monograms or letters in field or below. Plate XII 9.
140 Satyr’s bearded head right, in profile, club (pedum) to left. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin.
Sear 1672. Moesia, Istros. Late 4th century - early 3rd century BC. AE13. Three-quarter facing head of the horned river god Istros / ISTRI, sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin with talons. Moushmov 140, SNG BMC 260.
141 Apollo’s laureate head right. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin. Γ or H. Plate II 6.
SNG BMC 259. Moesia, Istros. Circa 4th-2nd Century BC. Ć 17mm. Laureate head of Apollo right / ISTPIH, sea-eagle left, grasping dolphin in talons, H beneath tail. Moushmov 141.
142 Dionysos’s head right, with ivy wreath. Rev. : IΣTPIH, below HPOΔΩ. An eagle, pecking a dolphin. Plate XII 7.
143 Helmeted bust of Athena right. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN. Dionysus, naked, standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos; panther at feet.
144 Hermes’ head right wearing petatos. Rev. : IΣ.., An eagle, pecking a dolphin.
145 Horned head of river god Istros right. Plate II 7. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin.
Istrus, Thrace AE13. Horned head of river god Istros / sea eagle flying left, dolphin in its talons. Lindgren A41f.
146 Youthful head of Dionysos, wreathed with ivy. Rev. : IΣTPIH. Bunch of grapes and monogram. Plate II 9.
Moesia, Istros, ca. 2nd-1st centuries BC, AE 14mm. Head of Dionysos, wreathed with ivy, facing slightly left / ISTPIH, bunch of grapes. SNG Stancomb 212v, Pick 469v, SNG BMC -,
147 A dolphin. Rev. : IΣTP. Corn-ear. Plate II 8.
148 Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn. Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin and A or Λ.
Thrace, Istrus AE13. ca 2nd Century BC. Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn / ISTRIH above eagle standing left on a dolphin.
149 Demeter’s head right, veiled, countermarked. Rev. : IΣTPI, ΔIONY and corn ear.
150 Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn. Countermark (head). Rev. : IΣTPIH. An eagle, pecking a dolphin. Down below….AN.
151 Apollo naked, seated on a rock, holding an arrow and a bow. Rev. : IΣTPIH, APIΣTA below, An eagle, pecking a dolphin. Plate II 10.
152 Radiate head of Helios facing. Rev. : IΣTPI. An eagle, pecking a dolphin. Plate II 5.
Thrace, Istros AE11. 3rd - 2nd century BC. Radiate head of Helios facing / Sea eagle attacking dolphin.
153 Apollo seated on a rock on the left, holding a branch and resting on lyre. Rev. : ICTPIA. Dionysos in long himation, pouring wine from a kantharos over a panther, and holding thyrsos in left hand.
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Lysimachos (323 – 281 BC)

Gold
154 Diademed head of king right, with ram's horn. Rev. : BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙMAXOY. Athena seated on a throne, holding a small Nike. Beneath the throne IΣ, ΔI above, trident below. Plate III 19.
Sear 1671. Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachus AV Stater. Istrus mint, ca 89–72 BC. Diademed, horned head of deified Alexander right, with features of Ariarathes IX / Athena enthroned left, holding Nike & resting elbow on grounded shield, DI in inner left field, IS on throne, trident in ex. AMNG 482, SNGCop 1094, Mueller 285.
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IMPERIAL BRONZE COINS

Quasi-autonomous:

155 Helmeted bust of Athena right, with aegis. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN. Dionysos naked, standing, kalathos on head, holding a kantharos and thyrsos, panther at feet. Plate II 11.
156 AYTOKPAT CЄBAC. King’s laureate head right. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN. Apollo standing, holding patera (?) and lyre.
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Hadrian (117 – 138 A.D.)

157 AYT K….AΔPIANON. His head. Rev. : IΣTPIHNΩN. Dionysos standing left, holding kanatharos and thyrsos; panther at foot. Plate VIII 7.
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Antoninus Pius (138 – 161 A.D.)

158 …AΔPI ANTΩNEINOC CЄB. – His head right. Rev. : ICTPIH.., rider, wearing chlamys, on horseback pacing right. Plate XII 10.
Antoninus Pius AE20 of Istros, Moesia Inferior. ..ADPI ANTWNEINOC CЄB, bare head right / ICTPI, horseman cantering right.
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Commodus (176 – 192 A.D.)

Obv: AY KAI Λ AYPH KOM….
AY KAI M AY KOMOΔOC
AYT M AYP KOM ANTΩNINOC. – His bust.
Rev: IΣTPIHNΩN.
159 Apollo standing, wearing robe, holding branch and a lyre set on a column. Δ in field.
160 Demeter standing, veiled, holding corn-ears and torch. Plate VII 23.
161 Kybele, turreted, seated left on throne; lion at her side. Plate IX 3.
Commodus Ć28 of Istrus, Moesia Inferior. AY KAI L (AVPH?) KOMODOC, laureate draped bust right / ICTPIHNWN, Kybele seated left, holding patera & resting arm on a drum, lion at foot.
162Horseman holding cornucopiae, pacing right.
Commodus AE26 of Istrus, Moesia Inferior. AY KAI M AYP KOMODOC, laureate draped bust right / ICTPIHNWN, rider on high-stepping horse right, holding Nike, eagle on a pillar behind.
163 Sea-eagle, pecking a dolphin. Plate XII 11.
Commodus AE24 of Istrus. AVP M AVP KOM ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / sea-eagle flying left, attacking a dolphin with its talons, ICTPIHNWN below. Pick 489, AMNG 488, SGI 9124.
164 Herakles standing with a club and a lion’s skin.
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Septimius Severus (193 – 211 A.D.)

Obv: A K Λ CЄΠT CЄYHPOC Π.
- AY K Λ CЄΠ CЄYHPOC Π. – His head or bust.
Rev: ICTPIHNΩN.
165 The emperor standing, holding patera over altar and spear. Plate VIII 32.
166 Kybele seated on a throne right, holding drum; lion at foot. Plate IX 4.
Septimius Severus AE29 of Istros, Moesia Inferior. A K L CEPT CEVHPOC P, laureate head right / ICTPIHNWN, Kybele seated right, hand on drum, lion beneath throne.
167 Helmeted rider on horse pacing right, legionary eagle below.
168Mithras on pacing horse, right; his right hand resting on the horse's neck, legionary eagle over a column to left.
Septimius Severus AE30 of Istrus, Thrace. A K L CEPT CEVHPOC P, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / ICTPIHNWN, Mithras on horse pacing right, behind, bird perched on column. Pick 491.
169 Tyche, modius on head, standing and holding rudder; burning altar to left and an eagle pecking a dolphin to right.
Septimius Severus AE28 of Istros, Moesia Inferior. AVT K L CEPTI CEVHEPOC P, laureate head right / ICTPINHWN, Tyche standing left with rudder & cornucopiae, flaming altar to left, eagle attacking dolphin right.
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Septimius Severus & Julia Domna

170 AYT K Λ CЄΠ…..T. – Severa’s bust. Rev. : IOY ΔOMNA C and IΣTPHNΩN. – Domna’s draped bust.
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Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus)

Obv: ΔOMNA AYΓ…
IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CЄ.
IOYΛIA ΔOMNA A. – Her bust right.
Rev: IΣTPIHNΩN.
171 Kybele, turreted, seated left, holding patera, and resting left elbow on drum; lion at foot. Plate IX 5.
172 An eagle pecking a dolphin.
Julia Domna AE26 of Moesia Inferior, Istrus. IOVLIA DOMNA CEB, draped bust right / ICTPIHNWN, sea-eagle perched on dolphin, both to left. Pick 501.
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Caracalla & Julia Domna

173 A M AY ANTΩN CЄB IOY ΔOMNA CЄB. – Their heads facing each other. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN. Mithras with kalathos on head, on horseback right; altar before, Γ in field.
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Caracalla (198 – 217 A.D.)

AYT K M AYT CЄYHP ANTΩNIONOC. – His head or bust. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
174 Dionysos naked, standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos; panther at foot. Plate VIII 6.
175 Dionysos naked, standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos. Plate VIII 6.
176 Horseman riding right, holding branch or spear, and a bird; altar and Є below.
177 Nemesis standing, holding scales and thyrsos. E in field. (This coin is possibly one of Elagabalus).
178 Tyche, kalathos on head, standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Є. Plate X 29.
Caracalla AE29 - 5 Assaria - of Istros. Laureate bust right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; value mark E in ex. AMNG 505.
179 Hygieia, feeding serpent in arms, facing Asklepios, resting on serpent-entwined staff, Telesphorus wearing hooded cloak, standing between them, Δ in field. Plate VI 26.
180 Hera standing, holding patera over an altar and sceptre. Plate XI 24. GETA (209 – 212 A.D.) AYT K Λ CЄΠTI ΓЄTAC. – His head or bust. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
181 Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Plate X 29.
182 Hera? standing left by altar, holding patera and sceptre or torch. Plate XI 24.
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Geta (209 - 212 AD)

182A (online supplement) Horseman right.
Geta as Augustus, AE28 of Istros, Thrace. AVT K MA R C GETA CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ICTRIHNWN Mithras on horseback pacing right.
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Elagabalus (218 – 222 A.D.)

AYT K M AYP ANTΩNЄINOC or ANTΩNINOC. – His head or bust. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
183 Apollo, in long robe, standing left by burning altar, holding patera, a lyre on column beside him. Δ. Table VI.
184 Kybele, turreted, seated on a throne, holding patera and sceptre and resting on a drum; 2 lions at sides, E in field. Plate IX 5.
185 River god bearded, wreathed with reeds, reclining left, holding a fish and a reed; lighthouse behind. E in field.
186 Serapis or Mithras on pacing horse right; low altar before, eagle on column behind. E in field. Plate IV 2.
Elagabalus AE28 of Istros, Moesia Inferior. AYT K M AYPH ANTONEINOC, laureate head right, draped / ICTPIHNON (in Greek); Serapis or Mithras on pacing horse, right; in front of the horse an altar, behind the horse a column with an legionary eagle on it. E in exergue.
187 Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae. Sometimes with value mark E. Plate X 29.
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Severus Alexander (222 – 235 A.D.)

AYT K M AYPH CЄB AΛEZANΔPOC. – His head or bust. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
188 Apollo standing by altar, in long robe, holding branch and a lyre on a column; Δ in field.
189 Kybele seated left, holding patera and sceptre and resting arm on drum; two lions before and behind the throne. E in field or ex.
190 Serapis or Mithras on horse pacing left; vase in field; an eagle on base behind horse.
191 Rider on horseback pacing left; behind an eagle on a column; altar beneath horse's right leg. E in field or ex. Plate IV 2.
192 Nemesis standing left, holding scales and bridle or arsine; wheel at foot, often with value mark E in field or below.
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Julia Mamaea (mother of S. Alexander)

193 IOYΛIA MAMAIA CEBA. – Her bust right. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN. An eagle, pecking a dolphin.
Julia Mamaea AE23 of Moesia Inferior, Istros. IOVLIA MAMAIA CEBA, diademed & draped bust right / ICTPHNWN, eagle standing left on dolphin left. Pick 520.
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Gordian III (238 – 244 A.D.)

AYT K M ΓOPΔIANOC. – His head or bust. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
194 Serapis or Mithras on horse pacing right; altar before, eagle on pole or column behind.Plate IV 2.
195 Tyche standing, holding rudder and cornucopiae. E or Δ in field. Plate X 29.
196 Hera standing left by altar, holding patera and sceptre. Δ. Plate XI 24.
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Gordian III & Tranquillina.

AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CABI TPANKIΛIN or TPANKIΛINH or TPANKIΛINA. - …OC CAB TPANKIΛINA AYΓO.. - Their heads or busts facing each other (confronted). Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
197 Athena standing, holding a serpent-entwined spear.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE28 Pentassarion of Istros, Moesia Inferior. Confronted draped busts / ICTPIHNWN, Athena, helmeted, standing left with shield at foot, facing serpent-entwined tree, E in center.
198 Serapis or Mithras, wearing kalathos on horse pacing right,; altar before, eagle on pole behind. E in field or ex. Plate IV 2.
Gordian III & Tranquillina AE26 Pentassarion of Istros, Thrace. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CABI TPANKVLIN, confronted busts / ICTPIHNWN, Mithras on horseback right; column behind surmounted by a bird, altar before. Pick 524.
199 Tyche standing with rudder and cornucopiae; below – orb and E.
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Tranquillina (wife of Gordian)

CABINIA TPANKYIΛINA. – His bust right. Rev. : ICTPIHNΩN.
200 An eagle pecking a dolphin. Plate V 5.
201 River god naked, seated left on the ground, holding prow, his left elbow resting on overturned urn. In the margin Γ. Plate X 8.
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See also WildWinds' Istros page

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