The Ancient Coinage of Byzantium/Byzantion

Listed by Moushmov Number

Including additional items for this online edition, with numbers in italics.

See also Wildwinds Byzantium page for numerous examples not linked to this page.
BYZANTIVM
(ca 416 – 280 B.C.) (now Tsarigrad)
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Autonomous coins.

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Silver:

3201 Veiled head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn. Rev. : EΠI ANTIΠAT and the letters Y Λ Φ. Poseidon half-naked, seated right on a rock, holding trident and akrostolium (sea flower), monogram in field. 24 mm.
Thrace, Byzantium AR Tetradrachm. ca 240–220 BC. Veiled head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn / BY, Poseidon seated right on rock, holding aphlaston in extended right hand & trident over shoulder, "turtle" monogram in left field, magistrate EPI AQANAIWNOY in ex. Schonert-Geiss 1021.3.
3202 As 3201. Rev. : EΠI EKATOΔΩ. As 3201. Monogram and the letter Y. 24 mm.
3203 Another but with MENIΣ.. 24 mm.
3204 Another but with EΠI OΛYMΠIOΔΩPOY and monogram. 28 mm.
3205 Another but with EΠI ΣΦOΔP. Monogram, I and ΣI. 28 mm.
3206 Another but with EΠI ΣΦOΔPIA. In front of Poseidon – monogram and the letters Y and ΣI. 28 mm.
3207 Another but with EΠI ΣΦOΔP YΠY in front of Poseidon and behind him - ΣI. 26 mm.
3208 Another but with EΠI MENIΣKOY and monogram before Poseidon’s knees. 26 mm.
3209 Ox standing left; next to the ox - crescent moon and star. Below – fish, above – YΠY.
3210 Ox advancing left, in upper field: ΠY. Rev. : The same. 21 mm.
Thrace, Byzantion AR Siglos or Drachm. ca 340-320 BC. Heifer standing left on dolphin; monogram above / incuse square of mill-sail pattern. Schonert-Geiss 1–235; SNGBMC 21-33; SNG Ashmolean 3569–3571; SNG Copenhagen 476.
3211 Bull left, above – YΠY and trident, below – dolphin. Rev. : Concave square divided into 4 parts. 14 mm.
Thrace, Byzantion AR Drachm. Circa 340-320 BC. Bull standing left on dolphin / Quadripartite millsail incuse. SNG BM Black Sea 31, Schoenert-Geiss 79.
3212 Ox advancing left and above – YΠY, fish below. Rev. : The same. 18 mm.
3213 KAΛK. Ox left; corn-ear below. Rev. : The same. 19 mm. Plate XVI 15.
3214 YΠY. Ox advancing left; fish below. Rev. : The same. 17 mm. Plate XVI 16.
3215 Other: YΠY. Ox advancing left; dolphin below. 13 mm. Plate XVI 17 and 19.
Thrace, Byzantion. c340-320 BC. AR Tenth (1.20 gm). Bull standing left on dolphin, monogram above / Incuse mill-sail pattern. SNGBMC 42ff.
3216 YΠY. Forepart of ox, advancing left. Rev. : Trident within incuse square. 10 mm.
3217 YΠY. Front part of a ox left. Rev. : Trident. 12 mm. Plate XVI 14.
Thrace, Byzantion AR Hemidrachm. Rhodian standard, ca 387-340 BC. Forepart of bull on dolphin left, PY above / trident. SNG BM Black Sea 12.
3218 YΠY. Forepart of ox left; dolphin below. Rev. : Decorated trident within concave square. 12 mm.
Byzantion AR Hemidrachm. Forepart of bull on dolphin left, monogram before / trident. Schoenert-Geiss 830-832.
3219 Poseidon ’s bust left with trident on right shoulder. Rev. : EΠI ΔIONYΣIOY. Prow left; below the letters BY . Behind the prow – serpent, above – monogram. 21 mm.
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Bronze:

3220 BYZA ╪. ( sic ). Bearded, helmeted head of the founder Byzas right. Rev. : EΠI AI ΠONTIKOY and monogram. Zeus standing on prow, right hand raised, holding thunderbolt in left hand, sometimes a line of 4 points beneath the prow. Plate XVII 1.
3221 BYZΛI. The same head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN E Θ I AY. Prow and above – helmeted figure, holding spear in right hand ; trophy before.
3222 BYZAΣ. The same head. Rev. : EΠI ΔHMHTPOC TOB. Prow right.
3223 The same obverse. Rev. : E Θ ΦAY BYZANTIΩN. Boat with sails.
ADD: Schoenert
2073-2073
BUZAS, helmeted, bearded head of Byzas right. Rev. : EP M AY ANTWNINOY BYZANTIWN ((2073) or EP M AY ANTWN BYZANTIWN (2074), eagle standing front on a low base, head left, wings spread. Schönert-Geiss 2073-2074.
3224 Poseidon’s head right. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Dolphin.
3225 Veiled head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn. Rev. : BYZAN KAΛXA. Poseidon seated right on a rock, holding trident and akrostolium (sea flower); sometimes monogram in the field. Plate XVI 21.
3226 The same obverse. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN EΠI ΘPAΣΩNOΣ. Cornucopiae; sometimes thyrsos in countermark in the field.
3227
3226 The same obverse. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Dolphin-entwined trident.
3228 Apollo’s head right. Rev. : The same legend. Bull advancing right.
3229 The same head. Rev. : BYZAN. Lyre.
3230 The same obverse. Rev. : BYZAN KAΛXA. Tripod and below – trident.
3231 BYZ. Apollo’s laureate head right. Rev. : ΔPAXMA. Obelisk.
3232 The same head without legend. Rev. : BY╪AN EΠI ΦΩKPIΣ. Obelisk.
3233 Head of Artemis right, quiver behind shoulder (sometimes a dolphin in right field). Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Crescent and one star. Plate XVI 21.
Thrace. Byzantion. Circa 1st Century BC. AE 20mm. Draped bust of Artemis right; quiver, bow behind / BUZANTIWN, Crescent and one star. SNG Cop 498.
3234 Dionysos head right with wreath of grape-vine. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Bunch of grapes. Plate XVII 2.
Thrace, Byzantion AE22. ca 1st Century BC. Head of Dionysus right, wreathed with vine leaves, thyrsus at shoulder / BYZANTIWN, bunch of grapes on stem. SNG Cop 501.
3235 BYZANTIΩN. Ox right. Rev. : Cornucoiae.
3236 The same legend. Two harpoons. Rev. : Monogram within laurel wreath. Plate XVII 7.
3237 Dionysos’s head right, with ivy-wreath. Rev. : BYZAN EΠI ΣΩΠIOY. Poseidon standing, holding Nike and trident.
3238 The same obverse. Rev. : BYZAN EΠI KAΛΩNIOY. The same image.
3239 Head of Hermes right, wearing winged petasos. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Winged caduceus.
Byzantion Civic Coinage AE13. 3rd Century AD. Head of Hermes right wearing wingless taenia(?) / BVZANTIWN, winged caduceus.
3240 BYZAΣ. Bearded and helmeted head of the founder of the town, right. Rev. : EΠI MAPK OYHPOY. Helmeted figure (Ares?) standing on prow, holding in right hand trophy.
3241 The same obverse. Rev. : EΠI MAPKOY TO BYZANTIΩN. Prow.
3242 The same obverse. Rev. : E Θ ΦAYCTINHC. Combatant standing on prow, holding spear.
3243 Veiled head of Demeter right, wreath with corn. Rev. : EΠI HPAK BY╪AN. Cornucopiae.
3244 The same head; above – bunch of grapes in countermark . Rev. : BY╪A . Cornucopiae and above – dolphin in countermark .
3245 The same obverse. Rev. : BYZAN EΠI ΔOΔ HP. Cornucopiae and below – Sphinx .
3246 Head of Demeter right, wreathed with corn. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN EΠI EKATOΔΩPOΣ. Cornucopiae. Plate XVI 20.
3247 The same head; above – bunch of grapes in countermark . Rev. : BYZANTIΩN EΠI EKATOΔΩP. Cornucopiae and above – dolphin in countermark .
3248 Demeter’s veiled head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Cornucopiae.
3249 Apollo’s laureate head. Rev. : BYZANTI EΠI MATPIKΩN. Statue on column.
3250 The same head left. Rev. : BYZANTI EΠI MENEK. The same image.
3251 The same head right. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Cornucopiae; in the field – monogram, below – T.
3252 Head of Poseidon right, wreathed with reeds, countermark: bunch of grapes. Rev. : EΠI EKAT…BYZAN. Cornucopiae; countermark: dolphin; in the field – the letters ΔI.
3253 Jugate heads left. Rev. : … KAΛX. Poseidon walking right on prow, holding trident and akrostolium (sea flower); countermark behind.
3254 Bearded and diademed head left. Rev. : EΠI HPAK BY╪AN. Prow.
3255 Diademed head of Poseidon right, trident behind head. Rev. : BYZA EΠI ΠYΘOΔ. Prow.
3256 Diademed head of Poseidon left. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Prow.
3257 Diademed head of Poseidon right. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Dolphin around trident.
3258 Head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy. Rev. : EΠ ΦPONTΩNOC BYZANTIΩN. Bunch of grapes.
3259 Other with ostrich.
3260 Other. Next to the ostrich is a hound running.
3261 Other. Ostrich chased by a hunter.
3262 Head with long, loose hair. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Bison left.
3263 Herakles’s head with lion’s skin. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Club.
3264 Unbearded head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Caduceus.
3265 BY╪A╪. Bearded, helmeted head of Byzas right. Rev. : MAPKOY BYZANTIΩN. Boat with sails.
3266 Head of Demeter left, wreathed with corn. Rev. : Herakles advancing right. Dolphin below.
3267 Apollo’s head left, wearing taenia. Rev. : ΠY. Bull walking left. Plate XVI 23.
3268 Head of Dionysos left, wreathed with ivy, transverse thyrsos in field. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Bunch of grapes.
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Lysimachos (323 – 381 B.C.) Silver.

3269 No legend, diademed head of Lysimachos right, with ram's horns. Rev. : BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY. In the field BY and monograms. Athena, helmeted, seated on a throne, holding Nike in right hand, resting with left hand on shield. In the field – trident. 30 – 35 mm.
Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Byzantion mint, 250-75 BC. Deified head of Alexander the Great right / BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left with spear, shield & holding Nike, W-over-M monogram to left, BY on throne, trident in ex. SNG Cop 1142.
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Imperial bronze coins.

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Caligula (37 – 41 A.D.)

Obv: ΓAIOY KAIΣAPOΣ ΓEPMANIK. – His head; sometimes over Caligula’s other smaller head.
Rev: BYZAN or BYZANTIΩN.
3270 Ship. Plate XX 7.
3271 Two fishes.
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Drusilla (sister of Caligula )

3272 AΦPOΔITAΣ ΔPOYΣ. – Her head right; in front – small countermark: woman’s head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Crescent moon and star.
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Titus (79 – 81 A.D.)

3273 TITON. – His laureate head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Two corn-ears and poppy between, tied together.
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Domitian (81 – 96 A.D.)

3274 ΔOMITIANOY KAIΣAPOΣ. – His laureate head left. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Crescent moon and star.
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Trajan (98 – 117 A.D.)

Obv: AYTO NEP TPAIANOC KAI CЄB ΓEP.
- AYT NEP TPAIANOC KAICAP ΓEPM ΔAKI.
- AYTO TPAIANOC KAICAP AYΓ.
- AYT NEP TPAIANOC KAICAP CЄB Γ M. - His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI TPAIANOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI TPAIANOY KAI TO Γ BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI NEIKHΣ TO Δ BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI NEIKHCTOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3275 Two fishes.
3276 Crescent moon and star.
3276a Prow.
3277 Helmet. Plate XVII 12.
3278 Helmet with 2 crests.
3279 ΠΛΩTEINA ΣEBAΣTHN. – Her diademed bust right. Rev. : EΠI TPAIANOY KAI TO B BYZANTIΩN. – Dolphin between one fish below and one above. Plate XVII 8.
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Hadrian (117 – 138 A.D.)

Obv: AYT KAI TPAI AΔPIANOC AYΓ. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI ΔHMHTPIOY BYZANTIΩN TO B.
- EΠI ΔHMHTPIOC BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3280 Brand – not burning.
3281 Harpoon. Plate XVII 9.
3282 Helmet. Plate XVII 12.
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Sabina (wife of Hadrian)

3283 CEBEINAN CЄBACTHN. – Her head or bust. Rev. : ЄΠY ΔHMHTPIOC or ΔHMHTPIOY TO BYZANTIΩN. – EΠI ΔIOΔΩPOY TO B BYZANTIΩN. – Two fishes.
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Antoninus Pius (138 – 161 A.D.)

Obv: ANTΩNEINOC AYΓOYCTOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI ME MAPKOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3284 Athena standing, holding patera and long spear; shield below. Plate VI 34.
3285 Helmet with 2 crests.
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Marcus Aurelius (161 – 180 A.D.)

Obv: M AYPHΛIOC KACAP.
- AYT K M AYP ANTΩNEINOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI ΔΣOY TO Γ BYΣAATIΩN.
- EΠI K MAPKOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI ME MAPKOY IEPO BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN EΠI TYXHC ΠO.
- EΠI AIM AIΛI CEYHPOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI ΔHMOCΘENOYC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI ΦAYCTINHC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI IOYΛIAC ΦAYCTEINHC BYZANTIΩN.
3286 Two harpoons and on it is hanging basket with 2 corn-ears and 2 poppys.
3287 Two harpoons and vase with 4 corn-ears between.
3288 Prow and sometimes in the field – globe. Plate XVII 6.
3289 Harpoon hanging on willow.
Sabina AE25 of Byzantion, Thrace. SEBASTHN SABEINAN 2 tunny fish / BYZANTIWN EPI DHMHTROS TO B.
3290 Helmet. Plate XVII 12.
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Favstina Junior (wife of M. Avreli)

Obv: ANN ΦAYCTЄINA CЄBACTH.
- ΦAYCTINA CЄBACTH. – Her head or bust.
Rev: ЄΠI MAPKOY TO B BYZANTIΩN.
- ЄYTYXHC ΠOΛEΩC BYZANTIΩN.
- ЄΠI ANΘOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3291 Dolphin between 2 fishes. Plate XVII 8.
3292 Zeus seated on a throne left, holding patera and sceptre. Plate VIII 21.
3293 Bunch of grapes. Plate XIV 8.
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Lucius Verus (161 – 169 A.D.)

Obv: AY K AIΛ AYPH OYHPOC APM.
- AYT K AIΛ AYPH OYHPOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI AIΛ CЄYHPOY BYZANTIΩN.
- IEPOMNA AIΛI CЄYHPOC BYZANTIOIC.
- EΠI ΘEAC ΦAYCTEINHC BYZANTIΩN.
3294 Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm; in front of her – altar and helmet above.
3295 Two harpoons. Plate XVII 7.
3296 Helmet with tow crests.
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Lucilla (wife of Lucius Verus)

Obv: AN ΛOYKIΛΛA CEBACTH.
- ANNIA ΛOYKIΛΛA CEB.
- AN ΛOYKIΛΛA. – Her head or bust.
Rev: EΠI M MAPKOY H TO B BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN EΠ ΠONTIKOY H.
- E ΘE ΦAYCTINHC BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3297 Dolphin between 2 fishes. 28 mm. Plate XVII 8.
3298 Dionysos naked, standing, holding cup and thyrsos. Plate VIII 4.
3299 Poseidon (Neptun ) naked, standing, with right foot on a rock, holding trident and anchor.
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Commodus (176 – 192 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K Λ AYP KOMOΔOC.
- Δ AYPH KOMOΔOC K.
- AYT K ΛOYKIOC KOMOΔOC. – His head.
Rev: EΠI ΔHMOCΘЄNOYC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI M MAPKOY H TO B BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ ΛI ΠONTIKOY HP BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI Θ ΦAYCTINHC BYZANTIΩN.
3300 Harpoon. Plate XVII 9.
3301 Helmet without crest or with two crests.
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Commodus & Crispina.

Obv: BP KPICΠINA CЄB AYT KA AYPH KOMOΔOC. – Their heads face to face.
Rev: KAI ΠONTIKOY H BYZANTIΩN.
- ЄΠI AI ΠONTIKOY H or HP BYZANTIΩN.
3302 Demeter advancing, raising up torch.
3303 Demeter advancing, holding in each hand torches.
3304 Helmet without or with crests.
Crispina AE28 of Byzantion, Thrace. BP KPICPINA CEB AYT KL AYPH KOMODOC, draped bust of Crispina facing a bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust of Commodus. / BYZANTIWN EPI PONTIKOY, crested Corinthian helmet with cheek pieces. SGI 2069.
3305 C BPOYT KPICΠЄINA. – Her head right. Rev. : EΠI AI ΠONTIKOY H BYZANTIΩN. – Dolphin between two fishes. Plate XVII 8.
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Septimius Severus (193 – 211 A.D.)

Obv: AY K Λ CЄΠ CEBHPOC ΠEP or Π. – His head or bust.
Rev: ЄΠ APX M AYP ANTΩNINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- ЄΠ APX Γ CAΛA APIC…ΔOC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ APX Γ CAΛAPICTAINETOY KAI ΛHPAΓΔOC BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3306 Aesklepios standing with his attributes. Plate VI 25.
3307 Two harpoons. Medal. 32, 35 mm. Plate XVII 4.
3308 One or two harpoons. Plate XVII 7 and 9.
3309 Woman between 2 harpoons or lighthouses, holding corn-ears.
3310 Herakles standing, right hand behind him and the left hand on club. Plate XI 13.
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Septimius Severvs & Julia Domna

Obv: AY K Λ CЄΠ CЄYHPOC K IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CЄB. – Their busts fase to face.
Rev: EΠI APX Γ CAΛA APICTAINETOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI APX M AYP ANTΩNEINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3311 Two harpoons standing. Medal. 35 mm. Plate XVII 3.
3312 One or two harpoons. Plate XVII 4 or 9.
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Julia Domna (wife of S. Sever)

Obv: AYΓOYCTA. – IOYΛIA ΔOMNA.
- IOYΛIA ΔOMNA C.
- IOYΛIA AYΓO or AYΓOYCTH. – Her head or bust.
Rev: EΠI AI ΠONTIKOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3313 Athena helmeted standing, holding patera and spear. Plate VI 34.
3314 Dolphin between 2 fishes. Plate XVII 8.
3315 Crescent moon and star. Plate XVI 24.
3316 Urn for games with 2 palms.
3317 Herakles standing, holding club and lions skin. Plate XI 10.
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Caracalla (198 – 217 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M AYPH ANTΩNEINOC AYΓ or CEB.
- ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC. AYTOK… ANTΩNINOC. - His head or bust.
Rev: EΠ APX M AY ANTΩNINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ Γ CAΛΛ APICTAINETOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI TIT AIΛIOY KAΠITΩΛEINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- ANTΩNEINIA CEBACTA BYZANTIΩN B.
- ANΩXINΠA ANTΩNEINIA BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ AI ΠONTIKOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI T AIΛ KAΠITΩΛEINOY BYZANTIΩN.
3318 Aesklepios standing, holding Table serpent entwined staff. Plate VI 25.
3319 Athena helmeted standing, holding in right hand owlet and in left hand – spear; next to her – shield. Plate IX 17.
3320 Nike standing, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3321 Nike advancing, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 14.
3322 Bunch of grapes. Plate XIV 8.
Caracalla AE 20 of Byzantion, Thrace. ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC, laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / BVZANTIWN, bunch of grapes on stem. Schoenert-Geiss 1593.
3323 Two burning torches; kalathos with corn-ears and poppy between.
3324 Two torches with coiling snakes around and altar between. Medal. 32 mm.
3325 Demeter advancing left, holding torch and corn-ears. Plate XVII 11.
3326 Dolphin between 2 fishes. Plate XVII 8. Medal. 32 mm.
3327 Europa riding on bull right, holding veil that is waving. Medal. 35 mm.
3328 Altar between 2 harpoons.
3329 Izida standing, holding veil that is waving.
3330 The emperor on horse right, holding in right hand spear; below – seated captive. Medal. 37 mm. Plate VIII 30.
3331 The emperor in mantle standing, holding sceptre and taking something that a woman with kalathos (hat) on her head and holding cornucopiae (Tyche?) is giving to him. Medal. 32 mm.
3332 The emperor standing, in front of him – woman with turreted crown is giving a basket to him. Medal. 32 mm.
3333 The emperor on horse right, holding spear. Medal.
3334 Caracalla and Geta in mantles, extending hands; in the middle – urn with palm. Medal. 37 mm.
3335 Caracalla and Geta standing, extending hands. Plate IX 1.
3336 Winged caduceus.
3337 Basket between 2 harpoons.
3338 Square table and above – urn with palms; vase at each side, jar below. 32 – 35 mm. Plate XVII 5.
3339 Crescent moon and star. Plate XVI 24.
3340 Burning altar. Plate VII 35.
3341 Burning altar between 2 harpoons.
3342 Hygeia standing, feeding snake in patera. Plate XI 9.
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Caracalla & Geta

Obv: AY K AYP ANTΩNINOC K Π CЄΠ ΓETAC.
- AY K M AYP ANTΩNINOC K Π CЄΠ ΓETAC. – Their busts face to face.
Rev: EΠI APX Γ CAΛΛ APICTAINETOY KAI AHΛIΔOC BYZANTIΩN.
3343 Two baskets or fishing appliances . Medal.
3344 The same but coin – not medal.
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Plautilla (wife of Caracalla)

Obv: ΦOYA ΠΛAYTIΛΛA CEB. – Her bust right.
Rev: EΠI APX M AYP ANTΩNEINOY BYZANTIΩN. – EΠI APX AI KAΠITΩΛEINOY BYZANTIΩN.
3345 Nike standing, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3346 Caracalla in mantle standing, extending his hand to Plavtila, which is holding corn-ears.
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Geta (209 – 212 A.D.)

Obv: Π CEΠ ΓETAC K.
- ΓETAC AYΓ.
- AY K Π CEΠT ΓETAC AYΓOYCTOC. - His head or bust.
Rev: EΠ M AY AMTΩNINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ Γ CAΛΛ APICTAINETOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI TIT AIΛ KAΠITΩΛEINOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3347 Bunch of grapes. Plate XIV 8.
3348 Dolphin between 2 fishes. Plate XVII 8.
3349 Demeter veiled standing, holding corn-ears and torch. 32 mm table VII 23.
3350 Europa riding on bull left. 32 mm.
3351 The emperor on horse galloping right, holding spear. Medal. 37 mm.
3352 Caduceus.
3353 Crescent moon and star. Plate XVI 24.
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Macrinus (217 – 218 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M OΠEA CEOYHP MAKPEINOC AYΓ or CEB.
- AYT O CEOY MAKPINOC CEB. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI Δ IKTOΣ BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI NEKHTOY instead of NEKHTOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI NEIKHC TO Z BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ AYP ΦPONTΩNOC KAI AI ΦHCTOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3354 Aesklepios standing, resting on serpent entwined staff. Plate VI 25.
3355 Nike standing left, holding in right hand torch with which she is burning out weapons, and in left hand – palm. 35 mm.
3356 Nike standing, holding in right hand wreath and in left hand – branch. 32 mm. Plate VII 13.
3357 Two harpoons. 32 mm. Plate XVII 7.
3358 Horse grazing between 2 harpoons. 32 mm.
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Diadumenian (son of Makrinus)

Obv: M OΠE ΔIAΔOYMEINIANOC K.
- ΔIAΔOYMEINIANOC K. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠ NE TO Z BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3359 Athena standing left, holding patera and spear; next to her – shield. Plate VI 34.
3360 Nike standing, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3361 Bunch of grapes. Plate XIV 8.
3362 Ship with sails. Plate XX 7.
Diadumenian, As Caesar, AE 23mm of Byzantium, Thrace. M OP DIADOVMENIANOC C, bare-headed & cuirassed bust right / BVZNTIWN, Galley sailing left. BMC 90, Varbanov 1443.
3363 Crescent moon and star. Plate XVI 24.
3364 Burning altar. Plate VII 35.
-

Elagabalus (218 – 222 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M AYP ANTΩNЄINOC AYΓ.
- M AYP ANTΩNINOC AYΓ.
- ANTΩNЄINOC AYΓOYCTOC. - His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI TATIANOY HP or PH BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI AYP TATIANOY HP BYZANTIΩN.
- ANTΩNEINIA CЄBACTA BYZANTIΩN.
- ANTΩNEINIA or ANTΩNINIA BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3365 Athena helmeted standing left, holding patera and spear; shield below. Plate VI 34.
3366 Nike standing, holding in right hand helmet, and in left hand – palm; other helmet below.
3367 Altar between 2 harpoons.
3368 The emperor on horse right, treading on barbarian. Plate VIII 30.
3369 The emperor on horse right, hailing with right raised hand.
3370 The emperor in mantle, sacrificing over altar, behind – Nike is placing wreath on his head.
3371 Basket with corn-ears and poppy between two harpoons.
3372 Table with urn on it with a palm between two vases; other vase below.
3373 Table with urn on it with a palm and two prize purses; below – other prize purse and legend CEBACTA.
3374 Burning altar between two harpoons.
3375 Urn with a palm. Medal.
-

Cornelia Paula (wife of Elagabalus)

3376 IOYΛIA KOPNHΛIA ΠAYΛA C. – Her bust right. Rev. : EΠI AYP TIANOY BYZANTIΩN. Demeter standing left, holding corn-ears and torch. Plate XVII 10.
-

Julia Soemias (mother of Elagabalus) IOYΛIA CYAIMIC CЄB. Her bust right. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN.

3377 Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3378 Nemesis standing, holding sling and torch; wheel below.
3379 Nemesis standing, right hand oh her mouth, holding in left hand sling; wheel below.
3380 Prow. Plate XVII 6.
-

Julia Maesa (grandmother of Elagabalus) IOYΛIA MAICA AYΓ. – Her head or bust. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN.

3381 Dolphin between two tunny fish. Plate XVII 8.
3382 Nemesis standing, right hand oh her mouth, holding in left hand sling; wheel below.
3383 Herakles standing, resting with right hand on club set on base.
-

Severus Alexander (222 – 235 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEZANΔPOC AYΓ.
- M AYP CEYH AΛEZANΔPOC AYΓ.
- AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEZANΔPOC.
- M AYP CEYH AΛEZANΔPOC.
- M AYP CEYH AΛEZANΔPOC CEB.
- M AYP CEYH AΛEZANΔPOC. - His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI CEYHPOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI AIMI CEYHPOY KAI IOYΛ CEYHPAC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠ M AYP CΩTHPIXOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI CΩTHPIXOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI M AYP ΦPONTΩNOC KAI AIΛ ΦHCTOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI M AYP ΦPONTΩNOC KAI AIΛ ΦHCTOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI ΦPONTΩNOC BYZANTIΩN.
- ANTΩNINIA BYZANTIΩN.
- ANTΩNEINIA CEBACTA BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN EΠI BAC AIMI CEYHPOY.
- BYZAZ.
- BYZAC.
3384 Athena standing, holding patera and spear. Plate VI 34.
3385 Bull standing on its hindlegs.
3386 Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm; below – helmet set on column.
3387 Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3388 Bearded, helmeted head.
3389 Bunch of grapes. Plate XIV 8.
3390 Two harpoons. Plate XVII 7.
3391 Demeter advancing left, holding with both hands burning torch. Plate VI 23.
3392 Europa on bull.
3393 Europa riding bull that is standing on ship.
3394 The emperor on horse right, holding spear. Medal. 37 mm.
Severus Alexander AE30 Medallion of Byzantion, Thrace. M Aurelius Fronto & Aelius Festa, magistrates. AVT K M AVP CEV ALEXANDPOC AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust left, holding spear & shield / EPI M AVP FRONTWNOC KAI AIL FHCTHC, BVZANTI/WN below, Alexander on horseback right, holding spear & raising hand.
3395 The emperor in triumphal chariot with 4 horses, holding in right hand akrostolium (sea-flower) and in left hand – sceptre; behind – Nike is placing wreath on his nead. Medal.
3396 The emperor running, spearing a lion. Medal.
3397 Basket with corn-ears and poppy between 2 harpoons.
3398 Lion advancing right. Plate IX 16.
3399 Square table and above urn with a palm; at right side – woman standing, giving with right hand wreath to a man, and holding in left hand cornucopiae. Medal. 40 mm.
3400 Square table and above urn with 2 palms and little vase. Plate IX 18.
3401 Table and above urn with 2 palms. Plate IX 18.
3402 Bear.
3403 Prow. Plate XVII 6.
3404 Urn with 2 palms. Medal.
3405 Urn with 2 palms and legend below – CEBACTA.
3406 Urn with 2 palms.
3407 Tyche with rudder and cornucopiae. Plate X 29.
3408 Harpoon. Plate XVII 9.
3409 Herakles naked standing right, holding club and lion’s skin. Plate XI 10.
Varbanov 1912Three athletes with prize urn.
Severus Alexander AE33 of Byzantion, Thrace. AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDROC AVT, laureate draped bust right / (EP) FETWNOC KAI FIL FECTHC, three male figure (athletes?) behind prize urn, BYZANTIWN in ex.
-

Julia Mamaea (mother of S. Alexander)

Obv: IOYΛIA MAMAIA AYΓ.
- MAMAIA AYΓ. – Her head or bust.
Rev: EΠI AI CEYHPOY BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI ΦPONTΩNOC BYZANTIΩN.
- EΠI CΩTHPIXOY BYZANTIΩN.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3410 Athena helmeted standing left, holding patera and spear; next to her – shield. Plate VI 34.
3411 Dolphin between two tunny fish. Plate XVII 8.
Julia Mamaea AE27 of Byzantion, Thrace. IOVLIA MAMAIA AVG, dolphin between two tunny fish / EPI FRONTWNOS BUZANTIWN.
3412 Poseidon (Neptune) standing, right foot on prow, holding dolphin and trident. Plate X 5.
3413 Crescent moon and star. Plate XVI 24.
3414 Prow. Plate XVII 6.
3415 Herakles standing, right hand on his waist and the left hand – on club set on base. Plate XI 13.
-

Maximinus et Maximus

Obv: AYT K IOY MAZIMEINOC AY ΓEB KAI MAZIMOC. Their busts face to face.
Rev: EΠ M AYP ΔOMITIAN… BYZANTIΩN.
3416 Harpoons.
-

Gordian III (238 – 244 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ.
- AYT K ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB.
- M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AYΓ. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI AP ΔIONYCIOY TO B KAI AΛEΞANΔPIA BYZANTIΩN.
3417 Dolphin between 2 fishes. Plate XVII 8.
3418 Dolphin between 4 fishes.
3419 The emperor in chariot with 4 horses advancing left.
3420 Table and above urn with 2 palms and 2 stars.
3421 Four harpoons.
-

Tranquillina (wife of Gordian III)

3422 The legend is erased. Her head. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. Crescent moon.
-

Trebonianus Gallus

Obv: AYT K Γ OYIB ΓAΛΛOC AYΓ.
- AYΓ K Γ OYIB TPEB ΓAΛΛOC.
- AYT K Γ OYIB ΓAΛΛOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: NIKAIEΩN BYZANTIΩN OMONOIA.
- EΠI ICAYPIKOY K NEIK OMONOIA BYZANTIΩN NIKAEΩN.
- NIKAIEΩN BYZANTIΩN OMONOIA.
3423 Two tunny fish.
3424 Altar between two harpoons.
-

Volvsian (251 – 253 A.D.)

Obv: AYT K Γ BEIB OYOΛOCCIANOC A.
- AYT K Γ BEIB OYOΛOCCIANOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: EΠI ICAYPIKOY BYZANTIΩN.
3425 Dolphin between two tunny fish. Plate XVII 8.
3426 Hound and wolf right.
-

Valerian I (253 – 259 A.D.)

Obv: Π ΛIK OYAΛЄPIANOC CЄB. His head or bust.
Rev: BYZANTIΩN NIKAIEΩN OMONOIA.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3427 Nike standing, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3428 Nike with radiate crown standing, holding wreath and palm.
3429 Two harpoons. Plate XVII 7.
3430 Altar between two harpoons.
3431 Prize urn with two palms branches.
3432 Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae. Plate X 29.
-

Gallienus (253 – 268 A.D.)

Obv: Π ΛIK ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB.
- ΠO ΛI EΓ ΓAΛΛIHNOC. – His head or bust.
Rev: BYZANTIΩN NIKAIEΩN OMONOIA.
- BYZANTIΩN.
3433 Nike winged standing left, holding wreath and palm. Plate VII 13.
3434 Two harpoons. Plate XVII 7.
3435 Dolphin between two tunny fish. Plate XVII 8.
3436 Two harpoons to left and right of cista mystica with snake emerging from it.
3437Tunny fish.
3438 Harpoon. Plate XVII 9.
-

Salonina (wife of Gallienus)

3439 …(CAΛONEINA CЄ KOPN. – KOPN CAΛONЄINA CЄ. – Her head or bust. Rev. : BYZANTIΩN. – BYZAN. Dolphin between two tunny fish. Plate XVII 8.
-

Macrianus II (260 – 262 A.D.)

Obv: ΦΛAY IOY MAKPIANOC CЄ. Draped, youthful bust of Macrianus II.
Rev: BYZANTIΩN NIKAIEΩN OMONOIA.
3440 Two harpoons and monogram. Plate XVII 7.
-
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