List of Common References & Abbreviations used on WildWinds and other Numismatic Works

General Acronyms
NISC Not In the Standard Catalogs
cf compare to; as this listing, but should have its own listing; for example, cf a drachm type reference for a hemidrachm of the same design.
ff and following = as this reference and those following it.
v or var variation from that in the reference; for example, a different legend, unlisted mintmark or officina, different reverse.
Type FindersAnson, Leo. Three volumes listed by reverse type (with index) to help identify Greek coins. The available books of series, sadly never completed, comprises of these volumes:
List of Greek numis. worksList of Greek numismatic works with links, at
AMNG Die Antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands (AMNG)
Volume I as pdf at
Volume III as pdf at
Babelon Ernest Babelon, Description historique et chronologique des monnaies de la République romaine , 2 volumes.
Available on Google books.
BMC Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, 6 volumes:
  • ... Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius (1923)
  • ... Vol 2: Vespasian to Domitian (1930
  • ... Vol 3: Nerva to Hadrian (1936)
  • ... Vol 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus (1940)
  • ... Vol 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus (1950)
  • ... Vol 6:Severus Alexander to Pupienus (1963)
BMCGreek Coins in the British Museum, 27 volumes. British Museum. Many in downloadable pdf format at Google Books, etc.1873-1910
BoehringerBoehringer, Coins of Syracuse. 1929
BopOsmund Bopearachchi, Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques.1991
Calciati or CNSR. Calciati, Corpus Nummorum Siculorum (I, II, III), Milano/Mortara1983-7
CekaCeka, H., Questions de numismatique illyrienne. State University, Tirana1972
ClerkMG Clerk, Catalogue of the Coins of the Achaean League
PDF at
Cohen Description Historique des Monnaies frappees sous L'Empire Romain, communement appelees Medailles Imperiales - 8 volumes. Online and searchable on Google Books
  • Vol 1: Pompey to Domitian - Online
  • Vol 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius - Online
  • Vol 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus - Online
  • Vol 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax - Online
  • Vol 5: Gordian I to Valerian II - Online
  • Vol 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus - Online
  • Vol 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons - Online
  • Vol 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates - Online
Classical Numismatic Group
For unlisted coins sold by CNG, I have used their auction and lot number as reference until a reference is published.various
Cr, Craw
Michael Crawford, The Roman Republican Coinage, 2 volumes.1974
CSE Arthur Houghton, Coins of the Seleucid Empire1974
Cunetio E. Besley & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure. 1983
or Goebl
Robert Göbl, numerous works, but primarily referring to Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Valerianus I, Gallienus, Saloninus...2000.1989
GroseSee McClean, below1923
Harl Michael Harlan, Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins.1995
Hendin David Hendin, Guide to Biblical Coins. 1996
HNBarclay Head, Historia Numorum 1911
HunterG. Macdonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, 3 volumes 1899, repr. 2003
ImhoofImhoof-Blumer, Various books from this prolific author including Monnaies Grčcques; Kleinasiatische Münzen; Flussgötter (River gods); Griechische Münzen and others. Some available on archive.orgvar. years
JenkinsG.K. Jenkins, Ancient Greek Coins, Coins of Greek Sicily, Coins of Gela, Coins of Punic Sicily and others. var. years
Köln (Koeln) A. Geissen, Katalog Alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen, Köln (Cologne), 5 volumes. 1974-1983
Kurth D. Kurth, Demos, Ancient Coins depicting Demos, available on $152010
Lindgren Lindgren & Frank Kovacs, Ancient Bronze Coins Of Asia Minor And The Levant From The Lindgren Collection 1985
LRBC R.A. Carson, Late Roman Bronze Coinage. 1990
MayJ.M.F.May, Several books, incl. The Coinage of Demastion and the Lesser Coinages of the Illyro-Paeonian Region; Coinage of the Lycian League etc.1939
McClean (aka Grose)S.W. Grose, The McClean Collection of Greek Coins (3 volumes) 1923
Megaw M. Megaw, Diadumenian, Provincial Coinage, available on lulu.com2010
Mesh Y. Meshorer, Ancient Jewish Coinage, 2 volumes1992
Milne J. G. Milne, A Catalog of Alexandrian Coinage in the Ashmolean Museum.1933
MionnetTéodore Edme Mionnet, Description de médailles antiques, grecques et romaines, avec leur degré de rarite et leur estimation 16 volumes (incl. 6 supplements and plates volumes). Online at Google Books and at archive.org1830
MIGMitchiner, Michael B. Indo-Greek And Indo-Scythian Coinage. 9 volumes. 1975-76
Moushmov Nikola Moushmov, Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula, (in Bulgarian). The Wildwinds Moushmov Section. 1912
MuellerL. Mueller, Die Muenzen des Thracischen Koenigs Lysimachus; Coinage of Alexander III etc.1858
NCNumismatic Chronicle, published annually by the Royal Numismatic Society. Links to some older editions 1836-1899since 1836
Normanby R. Bland & A. Burnett (Ed.). The Normanby Hoard and other Roman Coin Hoards.1988
PegasiRomolo Calciati, Pegasi, 2 volumes 1989
PozziJacob Hirsch, Monnaies Grecques Antiques, Collection Prof. S. Pozzi1920 (reprinted 1966)
Price M.J.Price, The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philipp Arridaeus. 2 volumes 1991
RavelOscar Ravel, Les "Poulains" de Corinthe, 2 volumes1936
Rec.Gen.Waddington, Babelon & Reinach, Recueil General des Monnaies Greques d'Asie Mineure,commencé par William Henry Waddington, Continué et Completé par Ernest Babelon et Theodore Reinach.
Online at Virginia University also at the French National Digital Library
RIC Mattingly, Harold, Sydenham, et al, The Roman Imperial Coinage, 10 Volumes.
  • Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius (1984)
  • Vol 2: Vespasian to Hadrian (1926; 2007)
  • Vol 3: Antoninus Pius to Commodus (1930)
  • Vol 4: [3 parts]Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus (1936)
  • Vol 5: [2 parts] Valerian to Ammandus: (1927)
  • Vol 6: Diocletian to Maximinus(1967)
  • Vol 7: Constantine and Licinius(1966)
  • Vol 8: Family of Constantine (1981)
  • Vol 9: Valentinian to Theodosius I (1951)
  • Vol 10: Divided Empire and Fall of the Western Parts
RPC Roman Provincial Coinage
  • Vol I: Julio-Claudian Period (1992)
  • Vol II: The Flavians (1999)
  • Vol III: Nerva-Hadrian (date?)
  • Vol IV: The Antonines - Online at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (2006)
  • Vols V-X: in preparation
or Seaby
H.A. Seaby, Roman Silver Coinage, 5 Volumes.
  • Vol 1: Republic to Augustus (1978)
  • Vol 2: Tiberius to Commodus (1979)
  • Vol 3: Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus (1982)
  • Vol 4: Gordian III to Postumus (1982)
  • Vol 5: Carausius to Romulus Augustus, (C.E.King & David Sear) (1987)
RouvierRouvier, J. Numismatique des Villes de Phénicie (Numismatics of Phoenician Cities) originally published in Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique Vol. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 (1899-1903) and partially in Revue Numismatique. 4e sér. 2 (1898) and Revue Biblique Internationale 8 (1899). Please see T. Verspag's page (link above) for the appropriate links.2008
Rutter or HN ItalyRutter, N.K., Historia Numorum Italy British Museum Press, reprinted 2001
RuzickaLeon Ruzicka, The Coinage of Serdica (English translation) PDF at, also The Coinage of Pautalia (in German)2008
or RCV
David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values.
  • 4th edition (1984)
  • 5th edition, Vol 1: Republic to the Flavians (2000)
  • 5th edition, Vol 2: Nerva to Severus Alexander (2002)
  • 5th edition, Vol 3: Maximinus I to Carinus (2005)
SB David R. Sear, Byzantine Coins & Their Values.<1987>
SG David R. Sear, Greek Coins & Their Values, 2 Volumes: Vol 1: Europe; Vol 2: Asia and Afria1978-1979
SGI David R. Sear, Greek Imperial Coins & Their Values.1982
SNGANSSylloge Nummorum Graecorum American Numismatic Society
SNGBNSylloge Nummorum Graecorum Cabinet des Médailles, Banque Nationale de Paris.various
SNGCop Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Danish National Museum, Copenhagen
  • Vol 1: Italy - Sicily (1981)
  • Vol 2: Thrace & Macedonia (1982)
  • Vol 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands (1982)
  • Vol 4: Bosporus to Lesbos (1982)
  • Vol 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia (1982)
  • Vol 6: Phrygia to Cilicia (1982)
  • Vol 7: Cyprus to India (1982)
  • Vol 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain and Gaul (1982)
SNGFitzSylloge Nummorum Graecorum the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University
SNGHelSylloge Nummorum Graecorum Helsinki (aka SNG Keckman)
SNGIsSylloge Nummorum Graecorum Israel, aka Spaer
SNGvASNG von Aulock. Originally 18 volumes, reprinted in 1987 as 4 hardbound volumes. In German.
  • Volume I: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aeolis, Lesbos, Ionia
  • Volume II: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia
  • Volume III: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, Cyprus, Imperial Cistophoris, Postumus Lysimachus and Alexander Tetradrachms
  • Volume IV: Supplement
Spijkerman (Spij)A. Spijkerman, The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia.1978
SvoronosJ.N.Svoronos. Numerous works including Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion (Ptolemaic Coinage) - Online at www.coin.com1908
Syd E.A.Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic.1952
Syd E.A.Sydenham, The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia
Note: This very useful book can still be purchased for $25 from Allen Berman Books
1933, repr. 1978
ThompsonM. Thompson, The Mints of Lysimachus, Essays in Greek Coinage presented to Stanley Robinson, Oxford 1968
WacksMel Wacks Handbook of Biblical Numismatics Online at the ANS2001
Weber L. Forrer, The Weber Collection of Greek Coins, 4 volumes. 1922
Wiczay Wiczay, Musei Hedervarii numos antiquos graecos et latinos descripsit (in Latin), available from google books1814
Wruck W. Wruck, Die Syrische Provinzialpragung von Augustus bis Traian1931
VanMeter, VM David VanMeter, A Handbook of Roman Imperial Coins.1991
VarbanovIvan Varbanov, Bulgarian version (2002) and English version, 3 volumes Greek Imperial Coins2005
VecchiThurlow and Vecchi, Italian Cast Coinage1979
Vlasto Ravel, Oscar E, Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto.1977
ZieglerRuprecht Ziegler, Münzen Kilikiens aus kleinen deutschen Sammlungen.1989

A large bibliography at
Corrigenda for some standard numismatic references

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