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Ancient Coinage of Mesopotamia, Edessa


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CITY AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS COINAGE
BMC 1Edessa, Mesopotamia, King Wael AD 163-165, AE 22mm. Bearded head of Vologases IV, wearing tiara, diademed helmet with back-flap, B behind / "Wael Malika" in local script, bare-headed and bearded bust of King Wael left, within laurel wreath. Sear GIC 5726; BMC 1; Babelon 1; MACW 437.Text
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BMC 2Edessa, Mesopotamia. Wael, Sohn des Sahru, 163-165 AD. AE22. 9,01 g. "Wael Malika" in local script, draped bust of Wael left, within wreath / "Eloul The God" in local script, temple of Eloul seen in three-quarters perspective with star in pediment; beneath the doorway a cube-shaped betyl on a pedestal. BMC 2; Babelon 3; Lindgren II 1560; Hunter III, 1. Text
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BMC 4King Ma'nu VIII, Edessa, Mesopotamia, AE12, 1.76 gr. 167-179 AD. Bearded and draped bust of Ma'nu right, wearing conical tiara / "Manu Malika" (King Manu) in local script in two lines. BMC 4. Hunter III, 4; Babelon 11.TextImage
BMC (Parthia) 96Vologases IV, King of Parthia. Edessa mint, ca 147-191 AD. AE Tetrachalkon, 20mm, 7.25 g. Diademed bust left, wearing tiara with flap and decorated with horn and hooks; B behind / Large symbol resembling O on reversed T, around, "Volgasi Arsak Malka Malkin". Sellwood 84.134; Shore 436; BMC Parthia 96-99 (under Vologases III).Text
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Lindgren 1560Mesopotamia. Edessa. Wal, son of Sahru, 163-165/6 AD. AE 20 mm. Draped bust of Wal left within wreathed border / Syriac or Semitic legend, square cultus object within distyle temple with triform star in pediment, viewed in perspective from the left. Lindgren III 1560. Hunterian III p. 304, 1. BMC p. 91, 2.TextImage
MARCUS AURELIUS
BMC 3Marcus Aurelius AR Drachm of Mesopotamia, Carrhae or Edessa. AUT K M AUR ANTWNINOC, laureate head right / UP NIKHC RWMAIWN, Goddess standing facing, head left, holding globe and cornucopiae.TextImage
FAUSTINA II
Berlin 421Faustina II, AR Denarius. 1.91 g. Edessa, Mesopotamia. FAVCTINA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair waved and tied in chignon at the back / YPER NIKHC TWN KURIWN, Salus-Hygieia standing left, holding patera and sceptre, feeding serpent rising from altar. Berlin 421.TextImage
COMMODUS
SNG Cop. 194Commodus AE16 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Laureate head right / Abgar VIII (174-219 A.D.) in tiara, facing right. TextObvRev
LUCILLA
FAC 15727Lucilla, AR denarius, 17mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia, reign of Ma'nu VIII, c. 139-163 and 165-177 AD. 2.334g. LOUKILLA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair plaited, bound with fillet, and tied with chignon in back / BACILEU MANNOC FILORWMA, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm over shoulder in left. possibly unpublished. cf. BMC p. 93, 7 ff. (Juno reverse). Forum Ancient Coins 15727.TextImage
LUCIUS VERUS
RPC_OL 6485Lucius Verus, AE12 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 2.01 g. 161-169 AD. Bare head of Lucius Verus right / "King Ma'nu" (for Manu VIII Philoromaios) in two lines in Estranghelo. BMC 4 var (obverse has bust of Manu); RPC Online no. 6485.TextImage
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
Babelon 31Septimius Severus AE24 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 6.4 gm. AVTKOKRAT CEOYHROC, laureate head of Septimius Severus right / BACILEWC ABGAROC, bust of Abgar VIII right, wearing tiara, shoulders draped, holding sceptre before. Babelon 31. TextImage
BMC 14Septimius Severus and Abgar VIII AE 23mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. Laureate head of Severus right / draped and diademed bust right of Abgar VIII, holding sceptre.TextImage
BMC 35Septimius Severus and Abgar VIII AE 16mm of Edessa. Laureate head right / Draped and diademed bust right of Abgar VIII, wearing tiara. TextImage
SNG Righetti 2575Septimius Severus. AE25 of Edessa, Mesopotamia, Edessa. O..L CEVHROC, laureate head right / ABGAROC BACILEU, draped bust of Abgaros VIII right, wearing tiara; sceptre before. SNG Righetti 2575 ff.TextImage
CARACALLA
Mionnet 48Caracalla, AE of Edessa. Mesopotamia. AY K M ANTWNEINOC, radiate and draped bust right / ...EDECCA, turreted and veiled head of Tyche right. Mionnet V, 48.TextImage
SNG Cop. 208cfCaracalla AE26 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Radiate bust left / Tyche seated left on rocks, holding ears of corn over altar at feet, river god swimming before. TextImage

Prieur 847
Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AYT K M AY ANTWNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind; on left shoulder, shield with circles of pellets and gorgoneion / EMAPX EX UPATOC TO , eagle, wings spread and head turned to right, holding wreath in beak; shrine with pediment below. Bellinger 140. TextImage

Prieur 848
Caracalla AR Tetradrachm of Edessa in Mesopotamia. AYTKMAYANTWNEINOC C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding shield with gorgoneion, seen from behind / DHMARC×EX×UPATOCT×D, eagle standing facing, head right, wreath in beak; shrine between legs. TextImage
MACRINUS
BMC 48Macrinus AE18 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. A K M O(...) MAKPINOC, laureate, draped bust right / MA K EDECA, turreted bust of Tyche right, all within laurel wreath.TextImage
BMC 51Macrinus, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 4.36 g. [A K M] O C MAKRINOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, all within laurel wreath / O M EDECCA, veiled, draped and turreted bust of Tyche right, within dotted border. BMC 51; SNG Cop. 207 var; Babelon 40 var; (border of dots on rev.).TextImage
SNG Milan 56Macrinus. AE17 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 217-218 AD. A K M O C MAKPINOC, laureate, draped bust of Macrinus right within laurel wreath / O M E ECCA, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche left, within laurel wreath. SNG Milan 56; Babelon 40.TextImage
DIADUMENIAN
Babelon 41Diadumenian. Edessa, Mesopotamia. (from top right) M O ANTWINOC, bare head right / ME EDECCA, turreted and veiled head of Tyche right. Babelon 41; BMC 54.TextImage
ELAGABALUS
Babelon 43Elagabalus, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVTO KAIC MAP AVP ANT, radiate head left / KOLW MAP EDECCA, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche left. Babelon 43; SNG Cop 213.TextImage
Babelon 46vElagabalus, AE. Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT KAI M AV ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / MAP AVP ANTW EDECCA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right. Babelon 46 var (rev. legend); BMC 76var. (same).TextImage
Babelon 46v (2)Elagabalus. AE 18mm. Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT K M AR ANTWNEINOC, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / (from centre right, clockwise) M AV ANT ED-ECCA, turreted head of Tyche right. Babelon Group I, 46 var (bust type); BMC 75 var (Tyche right).TextImage
BMC 58Elagabalus, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT K M AV ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped bust of the emperor right / MAR AVR ANT (KOL EDECCA), Tyche, turreted, seated left on rock, holding corn-ears in right hand. At her feet, river-god Scyrte swimming, upper body visible. Babelon 52 var; BMC 58.TextImage

BMC 60v
Elagabalus AE26 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. AVT KAI ANTWNEINOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding shield decorated with aegis / Tyche seated left on rock, river god at her feet, swimming right. SNG Cop 210v.TextImage

BMC 67v
Elagabalus AE 25mm of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Radiate head right / Tyche seated left on rock, holding branch with right hand over flaming altar.TextImage
BMC 69Elagabalus AE 21mm of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding shield / The turreted and draped busts of two Tyches facing each other. TextImage
cf BMC 72Elagabalus, AE17 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 218-222. AVTO KAIC M AP AVP, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left / ..P EDECCA, Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche left. Cf. BMC 72; cf. SNG Copenhagen 213.TextImage
BMC 75Elagabalus, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 218-222 AD. AVTO KAIC MAR AVR ANTWN, laureate head right / KOLW MAR EDECCA, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche left. BMC 75; SNG Cop 214.TextImage
Mionnet 26Elagabalus, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 13.49 g. AVT K M A ANTWNEINOC, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding shield and raising right hand / MAR AV[R ANT KO]LON EDECCA, Tyche seated left on rock, holding corn-ears, to left a column surmounted by statue of Marsyas, river god swimming right at feet. Mionnet Supp. 8, 26. (Not in BMC, Babelon, SNG Cop etc)TextImage
SNG Cop 214Elagabalus, AE, Edessa, Mesopotamia. 218-222 AD. AV KAI M AV ANTON, laureate head right / KOLW MA EDECCA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche left. SNG Cop 214.TextImage
SNG Cop 214vElagabalus 218-222 AD. 3.23g, Edessa (Mesopotamia). AVTOK ANT.., Laureate head right / OL M EDECCA, Turreted and draped bust of Tyche left. SNG Cop 214var (Rev.-Leg.), BMC 75var (ditto).TextImage
SNG Hunt. 2544vElagabalus. AE24 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. AD 218-222. AVT K M ANT ANTWNEINOC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / M L AVR EDECCA, Tyche seated left, holding branch or grain ears; altar to left; below, half-length figure of river-god swimming left. Cf. BMC 67 (holding branch); SNG Hunterian 2533 var. (river-god swimming right; same obv. die); cf. SNG Milan (holding branch; same obv. die).TextImage
SNGHunt 2545Elagabalus. AE16 of Edessa. Mesopotamia AD 218-222. AVT K M AVR ANTONEINOC, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left / Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche left. BMC -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG Hunterian 2545-6.TextImage
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
Babelon 75 varSeverus Alexander, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT K M ANT ALEXANDROC C, radiate, draped bust right / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Tyche, turreted, seated left on rock, altar to left. At her feet, river-god swimming. (No stars in field). Babelon 75 var. (no stars).TextImage
Babelon 77vRadiate head left / Tyche seated left, on rock, star in left and right field. Babelon 77 var (bust type).TextImage
BMC 93Severus Alexander AE27 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. AVT K M A C ALEXANDPOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Tyche seated left, altar to left, river god swimming below, two stars in fields.TextImage
BMC 103Severus Alexander AE27 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 222-235. AVT K M A ALEXANDROC, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding uncertain object over altar; star in left and right fields; below, river-god swimming right, head left. BMC 103; cf. SNG Copenhagen 218.TextImage
BMC 108Severus Alexander AE 23mm of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Laureate bust left, holding shield and eagle-tipped sceptre / Tyche seated left, holding fruits (?); river god below; small flaming altar to left; two stars in field. TextImage

BMC 109
Severus Alexander AE 23mm of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Laureate bust left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and shield / Tyche seated left before altar; stars flanking in fields. Lindgren I 2583; Dura 1458.TextImage
BMC 112Severus Alexander AE25 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 222-235. AVT K M A CEV ALEXANDPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Tyche seated right, holding fruit(?); star and altar in left and right fields; below, river-god swimming left. BMC 112; Babelon 75 var.TextImage
BMC 115Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea AE 28mm, Mesopotamia, Edessa. Laureate and draped bust of Alexander right, facing diademed and draped bust of Mamaea left / Tyche seated left, holding small temple; above her head, small figure; below, river god swimming; in front, small flaming altar; in field, four stars. TextImage
SGI 3390Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea. AE27 of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Confronting portraits of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea / City-goddess enthroned left, holding small temple; River-god swimming beneath her, stars in fields. TextImage
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SGI 3390
Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea. AE27 of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Confronting portraits of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea / City-goddess enthroned left, holding small temple; River-god swimming beneath her; stars in fields.TextObvRev
SNG Cop 215Severus Alexander, AE24 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. M A ALXANDER CEBA (sic), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back / MA K AVR EDECC, Tyche draped and turreted, seated left on a pile of rocks, holding branch in right hand, over an altar in the left field; the river-god swimming left below. SNG Cop 215 var (obv. legend); Babelon 64 var (ditto).TextImage

SNG Cop 217
Severus Alexander AE 26mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT K M A C ALEXANDROC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / MH KO EDESSENWN, Tyche seated left on rock, river god swimming below, altar before, stars either side. Lindgren I 2582.TextImage
SNG Cop 217Severus Alexander AE 27mm of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Laureate head right, slight drapery at shoulder / Tyche, in turreted crown, seated left; two stars flanking, river deity below swimming right, altar before. BMC 87.TextImage
SNG Cop 217vSeverus Alexander 222-235, AE of Edessa (Mesopotamia). AVTO KAIC M AYP CE ALEXANDPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right left / Tyche seated left on rock by altar; star in left and right field; below, river god swimming right. SNG Cop 217 var (bust left), BMC 106.93/96var (ditto).TextImage
SNG Cop 219Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea AE 29mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT K M A CE ALEXANDROS CEB IOVLIA MAMEA CEB, confronted busts / MA K AVP EDESA, Tyche seated left holding temple, Orontes swimming below. Lindgren I 2584.TextImage
SNG Milan 80Severus Alexander, AE17 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 222-235. AVT K M A ALEXANDPOC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / M K EDECCHNWN, Tyche seated left on rock, holding small temple; at feet, half-length figure of river-god swimming left. SNG Milan 80; Babelon 77.TextImage
UBS 84, 110Severus Alexander, 222-238. AE, Edessa in Mesopotamia. AVT K[MA CEV] ALEXANDPOC, Armoured, draped and laureate bust left, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and shield / Rev. MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Tyche seated left; flaming altar before; star in left and right fields.TextImage
JULIA MAMAEA
BMC 122Julia Mamaea, AE18 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. IOVL MAMAEA CEBACTH, diademed and draped bust right / MHT COL EDECCHNWN, Tyche, wearing turreted crown, mantle and chiton, seated left on square seat, holding fruit; small flaming altar before her, star in both upper fields, additional altar to right. BMC Mesopotamia, 122 (same obv. die).TextImage
GORDIAN III
Babelon 86Gordian III, AE28, Edessa, Mesopotamia. 15.8gm. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche left, small statue of Aquarius on pedestal before. Babelon 86; BMC 128-130.TextImage

Babelon 94
Gordian III and Abgar X Phraates AE 33mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. Radiate bust right / Gordian seated right, receiving Nike from Abgar standing left. Babelon 94. TextImage

Babelon 94
Gordian III and Abgar X Phraates AE 34mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. Laureate bust right / Gordian seated right, receiving Nike from Abgar standing left.TextImage
Babelon 95Gordian III, AE32 of Edessa, Mesopotamia, with Abgar X Phraates. 238-244 AD. AVTOK M M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / ABGAROC BACILEVC, Abgar on horseback right. BMC 141; Babelon 95.TextImage
Babelon 98Gordian III. 238-244 AD. AE 29 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian III; star before / ABGAROC BACILEVC, Bust of Abgar X right, wearing tiara, star in left field. BMC 144.TextImage
BMC 124-130Gordian III, AE28 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. 15.3 gr. AVTOK K M ANT GOPDIANOC CEB, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche left, small statue of Aquarius on pedestal before. BMC 124-127.TextImage

BMC 136
Gordian III and Abgar X Phraates AE 33mm of Edessa, Mesopotamia. Laureate bust right / Gordian seated right, receiving Nike from Abgar standing left.TextImage
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BMC 136Gordian III, AE32 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 238-244. AYTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / AVTOK GORDIANOC ABGAROC BACILEVS, Gordian receiving Abgar. Gordian on left, togate, seated right on chair on dais, holding sceptre; Abgar X Phraates standing left, bearded, wearing tiara, kandys and trousers, holding Nike, left hand on hilt of short sword. BMC 136-7; SNG Cop 223-4 var. (radiate); SNG Hunt. 2572-3.TextImage
BMC 136Gordian III, AE32 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 238-244. AYTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / AVTOK GORDIANOC ABGAROC BACILEVS, Gordian receiving Abgar. Gordian on left, togate, seated right on chair on dais, holding sceptre; Abgar X Phraates standing left, bearded, wearing tiara, kandys and trousers, holding Nike, left hand on hilt of short sword. BMC 136-7; SNG Cop 223-4 var. (radiate); SNG Hunt. 2572-3.TextImage

BMC 136
Gordian III and Abgar X AE 35mm of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Laureate, and draped bust right / Gordian seated right on chair on dais, holding sceptre, receiving Nike from Abgar. SNGCop 223v.TextImage
BMC 138Gordian III, AE32 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 238-244. 22.44g. AYTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder / AVTOK GORDIANOC ABGAROC BACILEVS, Gordian receiving Abgar. Gordian on left, togate, seated right on chair on dais, holding sceptre; Abgar X Phraates standing left, bearded, wearing tiara, kandys and trousers, holding Nike, left hand on hilt of short sword. BMC 138; SNG Cop 223 var. (bust type).TextImage
BMC 140Gordian III and Abgar, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, laureate, draped bust right / C ABGAROC BACILEVC, Gordian III, draped, standing right, holding globe in one hand and mappa in the other; before him, Abgar standing left, wearing diademed tiara, holding wreath. BMC 140.TextImage
BMC 141Gordian III, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ABGAROC BACKLEVC (sic), Abgar on horseback right, left hand outstretched. BMC 41, Babelon 95.TextImage
BMC 144Gordian III AE23 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AD 238-244. 8.93 g. AUTOK M AVR GORDIANOC, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; star before / ABGAROC BACILEUC, Crowned and draped bust of Abgar X Phraates right; star behind. BMC 144; SNG Copenhagen 225.TextImage

BMC 158
Gordian III, Kingdom of Edessa, Abgar X, 242-243 AD. AE25 of Edessa. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III right, star before / Draped bust of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diadedemed tiara, star behind.TextImage
BMC 159Mesopotamia, Edessa. Gordian III and Abgar X. 242-244 AD. AE 20mm (5.33 gm). Laureate bust right / Bust of Abgar right, wearing tiara. SNG Copenhagen 227.TextImage

BMC 159
Gordian III AE 24 mm, 7.73 grams. Struck at the mint of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Laureate bust right, star to right in field / King Abgar in Tiara. BMC 159. TextImage
Mionnet 160Gordian III; AE23 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding shield; star to left / ABGAROC BACILEWC.., draped bust right, wearing tiara, star to left. Mionnet V, 160. cf BMC 158 (laureate); Babelon:-.TextImage

SGI 3789
Gordian III, AE28, (16.59g) Edessa, Mesopotamia, AVTOK M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / MHT KOL EDECCHNWN, Bust of Tyche left, small statue of Aquarius on pedestal before. BMC 124; SGI 3789.TextImage
TRANQUILLINA
BMC 133Tranquillina AE28 of Mesopotamia, Edessa. Draped bust of Tranquillina right, wearing stephane, hair coiled at neck nape / Turreted and veiled bust of City-goddess left, with small altar and figure of Aquarius before. SNG Cop 222.TextImage
TRAJAN DECIUS
BMC 166Trajan Decius, AE of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AV G DEKIC CEB, laureate, draped bust of Trajan Decius right / KOL EDECCA, Veiled and turreted bust of Cybele left, small altar to left. Babelon 104; BMC 166; SNG Righetti 2612.TextImage
BMC 168Trajan Decius, AE19 of Edessa, Mesopotamia. AVT G DEKIC CEB (sic), radiate, draped bust of Trajan Decius right / KOL EDECCA, Veiled and turreted bust of Cybele left, small altar to left. Babelon 103; BMC 168; SNG Righetti 2612.TextImage
Babelon: The Coinage of Edessa (in French), read online at inumis.com
Free pdf: English Translation by Dane ("Helvetica") Kurth. The page is password protected to stop Chinese theft. Please follow the instructions on that page.
The Osroehe Abgar Dynasty at cavemanart.com
Entry for Mesopotamia, Edessa on the Digital Historia Numorum
Search for Edessa in the British SNG Volumes' Database at the Fitzwilliam Museum

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